Chin. Phys. B
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CN 11-5639/O4
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Chin. Phys. B  
  Chin. Phys. B--1999, Vol.8, No.10
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GENERAL

CHEMICAL POTENTIAL QUANTIZATION AND BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION

Zheng Jiu-ren
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 721-732 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/001
Full Text: [PDF 240 KB] (Downloads:1299)
Show Abstract
In this paper, first of all, we proved if the ideal Bose gas with a finite volume and number of particles has a non-degenerate single-particle energy level εn, the chemical potential μ can take the value μnn and there is a phase transition temperature Tp,n, where n=0,1,2… Taking ε0≤εnn+1, then Tp,0≥Tp,n>Tp,n+1. When the temperature T>Tp,n or T≤Tp,n+1, μ≠εn and the most probable occupation number Nn=0. In the temperature interval Tp,n≥ T>Tp,n+1,μ=εn and 0≤Nn=N-ΣjNj<~supNn, where Nj is the most probable occupation number in the degenerate level j. Thus, if the finite ideal Bose gas has some non-degenerate single-particle levels, there exists a characteristic temperature Tp=Tp,0. The chemical potential μ is quantized when T≤Tp, and this leads to the creation of a macroscopic quantum state (pure state) or Bose-Einstein condensation phase. Tp=Tp,0 is a first-order phase transition point, Tp,n≠0 is a zero-order phase transition point. Next, we obtained a new expression of the most probable distribution of the finite ideal Bose gas. In this expression Nj is directly proportional to gj-1, where gj and Nj are, respectively, the degeneracy and the most probable occupation number in the degenerate level j. This property agrees with what chemical potential can be quantized if there is a non-degenerate level for the finite ideal Bose gas. Finally, using this expression, we defined a micro-partition function M, obtained the statistical expressions of some thermodynamical quantities.

CONTROLLING CHAOS WITH OPTICAL FEEDBACK IN A Q SWITCHING CO2 LASER

Gu Chun-ming, Shen Ke
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 733-738 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/002
Full Text: [PDF 204 KB] (Downloads:533)
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A method of chaos control with optical feedback in a Q switching CO2 laser was proposed and investigated theoretically. The results of the computer simulation show that to control the chaos to the stable states could be realized by adjusting the feedback coefficient or delay-time.
CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMENOLOGY

LINEAR AMPLIFIER VIA THE SQUEEZED COHERENT STATES SUPERPOSITIONS

Gamal M. Abd Al-Kader
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 754-767 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/005
Full Text: [PDF 450 KB] (Downloads:433)
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Much attention is given for the squeezed coherent states (SCS's) superposition. The s-parameterized charactristic function (CF) for the output field with the superposition of SCS's as input field is given. The s-parameterized quasiprobabilty distribution function (QDF) for the output field with superposition of SCS's as input state are investigated. Various moments are calculated by using the s-parameterized CF for that field. The Glauber second-order coherence function is calculated. The quadrature squeezing for the output field are discussed. Some QDF's of the output fields are plotted as functions of the interaction time. Phase properties of the superpostion of SCS's are studied. The s-parameterized phase distributions obtained by integrating the s-parameterized QDF over radial variable are illustrated.
ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

INTERACTION BETWEEN A MOVING ATOM AND AN ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE

Zhang Jing-tao, Chen Zhao-yang, Xu Zhi-zhan
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 739-745 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/003
Full Text: [PDF 233 KB] (Downloads:417)
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Dynamics of a two-level atom moving in an electromagnetic field is studied. The atomic motion gives rise to a momentum-dependent detuning which holds back the atomic transition, and leads to a momentum-dependent Rabi oscillation which causes an overlapping among different Rabi oscillations. When the field is in a Fock state, the atomic population and the mean momentum of the atom exhibit damping oscillation, the damping rate is related to the momentum distribution; the collapse-revival phenomena of the atomic population and the mean momentum will occur if the atomic momentum has some special distribution. When the field is in a superposition state, the collapse-revival phenomena are modified by the atomic momentum distribution and disappear for the wider atomic momentum wavepackets. We also find that each atomic level will split into two sublevels with the same energy difference when the field is in a Fock state and the atom has a definite momentum.

CALCULATION OF DIFFUSION BARRIERS FOR HELIUM ATOM IN METALS

Long De-shun, Xu Hui-zhong, Wang Yan-sen, Zhao Guo-qing, Peng Shu-ming, Zhao Peng-ji, Xu Zhi-lei
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 746-753 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/004
Full Text: [PDF 233 KB] (Downloads:451)
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The diffusion barriers for the single helium atom in 3d transition metals are systematically studied by effective medium theory without any adjustable parameters. In the calculation, the relaxiation effects of lattice are taken into account. The comparison of our calculated results with the available experimental data and other theoretical values shows good agreement.
PHYSICS OF GASES, PLASMAS, AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGES

NEUTRON DETECTOR FOR FUSION BURN HISTORY MEASUREMENTS

Yang Jian-lun, Wang Gen-xing, Zhu Qi-hua, Wen Shu-huai, Liu Zhong-li, Yang Hong-qiong, Tang Zheng-yuan, Wu Shi-bin, Wu Fan
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 768-775 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/006
Full Text: [PDF 267 KB] (Downloads:434)
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We have designed a fast, sensitive neutron detector for recording the fusion history of inertial confinement fusion experiments. With a response time of <40 ps, it was for burn history measurements for deuterium/tritium-filled targets producing as few as ~108 neutrons/shot. The detector is based on the fast rise-time (<20 ps) of BC422 plastic scintillator which, shaped in thin cylinder sheet or curved (in a geometry compensating way) plate, acts as a neutron-to-light converter in a Pb shielding. The Pb shielding shields the scintillator from target X-ray, scattered light and target debris and allows the scintillator to be positioned within 3 cm from the target. The scintillator emits light with wavelengths from 350 to 450 nm. A group of achromatic lens relays the scintillator image along a 1 m optical path to the S20 photocathode of a streak camera outside the chamber. Lens coupling was chosen to give acceptable temporal dispersion. In the design phase, a computer code was programmed to calculate and improve the physical parameters of the optical system, such as light collection efficiency, time dispersion, image position, intensity distribution on the image plane, etc. Some of these parameters were finally measured using a deuterium lamp and a piece of BC422 scintillator activated by X-ray or 0.35 μm laser pulse. The measured results agree well with the prediction of the computer code.
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

GROUND STATE AND ELEMENTARY EXCITATIONS OF THE PEIERLS-HUBBARD MODEL

Shi Yun-long, Zhang Yu-mei, Chen Hong, Wu Xiang
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 776-782 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/007
Full Text: [PDF 225 KB] (Downloads:472)
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The ground state and elementary excitations of the Peierls-Hubbard model are studied by using Gaussian wave functional method. The results show that the charge and spin degrees of freedom couple to each other due to the simultaneous existance of the dimerization and Hubbard repulsions. In the region of β2s>2π the spin gap ms is still present. Also the influence of Hubbard repulsions on the dimerization is derived from the critical behavior of ground state energy.

POSITRON ANNIHILATION IN CARBON NANOTUBE POWDERS

Ma Xing-kun, Chen Hong, He Yuan-jin, Y. Nagashima, H. Saito, T. Hyodo
Acta Phys. Sin. (Overseas Edition), 1999, 8 (10): 783-786 doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/8/10/008
Full Text: [PDF 161 KB] (Downloads:492)
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Positron lifetime spectra have been measured in two kinds of carbon nanotube powders as a function of temperature range between 32 and 296 K. It has been found that all spectra are essentially temperature-independent in the above temperature range. The results of analysis show that there are three components in the powders of carbon nanotube with an average diameter of 30 nm, and four components in the powders of carbon nanotube with typical diameters of around 15 nm. The average values of lifetime components obtained at various temperatures are about 220, 390 ps, and 2.0 ns for the former, and about 140, 300, 650 ps and 6.4 ns for the latter.
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