Silicon micropillar electrodes of lithiumion batteries used for characterizing electrolyte additives
Fangrong Hu(胡放荣), Mingyang Zhang(张铭扬), Wenbin Qi(起文斌), Jieyun Zheng(郑杰允), Yue Sun(孙悦), Jianyu Kang(康剑宇), Hailong Yu(俞海龙), Qiyu Wang(王其钰), Shijuan Chen(陈世娟), Xinhua Sun(孙新华), Baogang Quan(全保刚), Junjie Li(李俊杰), Changzhi Gu(顾长志), and Hong Li(李泓)
Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30 (6):
The <100> crystal-oriented silicon micropillar array platforms were prepared by microfabrication processes for the purpose of electrolyte additive identification. The silicon micropillar array platform was used for the study of fluorinated vinyl carbonate (FEC), vinyl ethylene carbonate (VEC), ethylene sulfite (ES), and vinyl carbonate (VC) electrolyte additives in the LiPF6 dissolved in a mixture of ethylene carbonate and diethyl carbonate electrolyte system using charge/discharge cycles, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, scanning electron microscopy, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results show that the silicon pillar morphology displays cross-shaped expansion after lithiation/delithiation, the inorganic lithium salt keeps the silicon pillar morphology intact, and the organic lithium salt content promotes a rougher silicon pillar surface. The presence of poly-(VC) components on the surface of FEC and VC electrodes allows the silicon pillar to accommodate greater volume expansion while remaining intact. This work provides a standard, fast, and effective test method for the performance analysis of electrolyte additives and provides guidance for the development of new electrolyte additives.