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Table of contents

    17 March 2005, Volume 13 Issue 12 Previous issue    Next issue
    GENERAL
    Filtering for linear systems with noise correlation and its application to singular systems
    Wu Jian-Rong, Song Shi-Ji
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  1977-1981.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/001
    Abstract ( 769 )   PDF (149KB) ( 448 )  
    In this paper, an optimal filter for a stochastic linear system with previous stage noise correlation is designed. Based on this result, together with the decomposition techniques of the stochastic singular linear system, the design of an optimal filter for a stochastic singular linear system is given.
    Effects of interface kinetics and anisotropy on the stability of the growing crystal face and dissolution face during crystallization from solution under microgravity
    Ge Pei-Wen, Yu Yu-De, Hong Yong, Zhu Zhen-He
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  1982-1991.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/002
    Abstract ( 624 )   PDF (261KB) ( 399 )  
    The stability of the shapes of the growing crystal face and dissolution face in a two-dimensional mathematical model of crystal growth from solution under microgravity is studied. Effects of the interface kinetics and anisotropy of crystallization and dissolution on the stability are also studied. It is proved that the stable shapes of crystal growth face and dissolution face do exist, which are of suitably shaped curves with their upper parts inclined backward properly no matter whether the interface kinetics and the anisotropy are taken into account or not. The stable shapes of the growing crystal faces and dissolution faces are calculated for various cases. The interface kinetics will make the inclination degree of stable crystal growth face reduce and that of stable dissolution face reduce slightly. The anisotropy of crystallization and dissolution may make the inclination degree of stable-growing crystal face smaller or larger, and that of the stable dissolution face varies very slightly.
    Application of the high-resolution Godunov method to the multi-fluid flow calculations
    Bai Jing-Song, Li Ping, Zhang Zhan-Ji, Hua Jing-Song, Tan Hua
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  1992-1998.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/003
    Abstract ( 748 )   PDF (323KB) ( 410 )  
    In this paper, we have numerically solved the multi-fluid problems using an operator-split two-step high-resolution Godunov PPM (parabolic piecewise method) for the flow in complex geometries. By using the front capturing method, the PPM integrator captures the interface in the solution process. The basic multi-fluid integrator is coupled to a Cartesian grid algorithm where a VOF (volume of fluid) representation of the fluid interface is also used. As an application of this method, we test the 2D interfacial advection example and simulate an experimental hypervelocity launcher model from Sandia National Laboratories. The computational design of the hypervelocity launcher is also given in the paper.
    Non-Noether conserved quantity constructed by using form invariance for Birkhoffian system
    Mei Feng-Xiang, Qin Mao-Chang, Xu Xue-Jun
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  1999-2002.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/004
    Abstract ( 780 )   PDF (151KB) ( 517 )  
    Based on the invariance of Birkhoffian equations under the infinitesimal transformations of groups, the definition and the criterion of a form invariance for a Birkhoffian system are established. The condition under which the form invariance can lead to a non-Noether conserved quantity and the form of the conserved quantity are deduced by relying on the total time derivative along the trajectory of the equations, and two corollaries in special cases are presented. An example is finally given to illustrate the application of the results.
    Exact invariants and adiabatic invariants of dynamical system of relative motion
    Chen Xiang-Wei, Wang Xin-Min, Wang Ming-Quan
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2003-2007.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/005
    Abstract ( 748 )   PDF (160KB) ( 369 )  
    Based on the theory of symmetries and conserved quantities, the exact invariants and adiabatic invariants of a dynamical system of relative motion are studied. The perturbation to symmetries for the dynamical system of relative motion under small excitation is discussed. The concept of high-order adiabatic invariant is presented, and the form of exact invariants and adiabatic invariants as well as the conditions for their existence are given. Then the corresponding inverse problem is studied.
    A general mapping approach and new travelling wave solutions to the general variable coefficient KdV equation
    Zhu Jia-Min, Ma Zheng-Yi, Zheng Chun-Long
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2008-2012.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/006
    Abstract ( 742 )   PDF (164KB) ( 500 )  
    A general mapping deformation method is applied to a generalized variable coefficient KdV equation. Many new types of exact solutions, including solitary wave solutions, periodic wave solutions, Jacobian and Weierstrass doubly periodic wave solutions and other exact excitations are obtained by the use of a simple algebraic transformation relation between the generalized variable coefficient KdV equation and a generalized cubic nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation.
    Effect of surface tension on the mode selection of vertically excited surface waves in a circular cylindrical vessel
    Jian Yong-Jun, Zhang Jie, Meng Jun-Min, E Xue-Quan
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2013-2020.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/007
    Abstract ( 698 )   PDF (1885KB) ( 481 )  
    Singular perturbation theory of two-time-scale expansions was developed in inviscid fluids to investigate pattern-forming, structure of the single surface standing wave, and its evolution with time in a circular cylindrical vessel subject to a vertical oscillation. A nonlinear slowly varying complex amplitude equation, which involves a cubic nonlinear term, an external excitation and the influence of surface tension, was derived from the potential flow equation. Surface tension was introduced by the boundary condition of the free surface in an ideal and incompressible fluid. The results show that when forced frequency is low, the effect of surface tension on the mode selection of surface waves is not important. However, when the forced frequency is high, the surface tension cannot be neglected. This manifests that the function of surface tension is to cause the free surface to return to its equilibrium configuration. In addition, the effect of surface tension seems to make the theoretical results much closer to experimental results.
    Generation and application of a controllable multi-atom entangled state
    Huang Yan-Xia, Zhan Ming-Sheng
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2021-2024.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/008
    Abstract ( 737 )   PDF (155KB) ( 412 )  
    In this paper, we present a scheme to prepare a set of the multi-atom entangled states by the cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) technology. The multi-atom entangled states have some particular entanglement properties. For example, the remaining reduced density matrices ρ_{ij} still retain entanglement or disentanglement when any N-2 atoms of the N atoms are traced out, which can be chosen freely according to our need, and the relative entanglement strength of any pair of atoms (measured by the concurrence) can be arbitrarily adjusted. In addition, they may be completely symmetric under the exchange of any two atoms, and perform certain quantum information tasks, such as telecloning, teleportation, secret sharing and so on.
    The negative energy density for a three-single-electron state in the Dirac field
    Shu Wei-Xing, Yu Hong-Wei, Wu Pu-Xun
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2025-2029.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/009
    Abstract ( 766 )   PDF (172KB) ( 348 )  
    We examine the energy density produced by a state vector which is the superposition of three single electron states in the Dirac field in the four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime. We derive the conditions on which the energy density can be negative. We then show that the energy density satisfies two quantum inequalities in the ultrarelativistic limit.
    Ground state properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate confined in an anharmonic external potential
    Wang Deng-Long, Tang Yi, Yan Xiao-Hong
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2030-2037.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/010
    Abstract ( 780 )   PDF (301KB) ( 475 )  
    In light of the interference experiment of Bose-Einstein condensates, we present an anharmonic external potential model to study ground state properties of Bose-Einstein condensates. The ground state energy and the chemical potential have been analytically obtained, which are lower than those in harmonic trap. Additionally, it is found that the anharmonic strength of the external potential has an important effect on density and velocity distributions of the ground state for the Thomas-Fermi model.
    Aggregation on heterogeneous surface
    Lu Hang-Jun, Fang Yun-Zhang, Wu Feng-Min
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2038-2044.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/011
    Abstract ( 738 )   PDF (386KB) ( 387 )  
    Chessboard-like substrates are introduced in this paper, in order to study the diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) and the motion of poly-atoms on heterogeneous surfaces. The effect of morphology of such substrates upon the cluster aggregation is investigated using the Monte Carlo simulation. It is found that the growth process and the cluster morphology are governed by the energetic topography of the substrates. Our simulation also indicate that the island density and the fractal dimension of the clusters depend strongly on the substrate topography and the activation energy.
    Modelling of chaotic systems based on modified weighted recurrent least squares support vector machines
    Sun Jian-Cheng, Zhang Tai-Yi, Liu Feng
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2045-2052.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/012
    Abstract ( 741 )   PDF (394KB) ( 511 )  
    Positive Lyapunov exponents cause the errors in modelling of the chaotic time series to grow exponentially. In this paper, we propose the modified version of the support vector machines (SVM) to deal with this problem. Based on recurrent least squares support vector machines (RLS-SVM), we introduce a weighted term to the cost function to compensate the prediction errors resulting from the positive global Lyapunov exponents. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm, we use the power spectrum and dynamic invariants involving the Lyapunov exponents and the correlation dimension as criterions, and then apply our method to the Santa Fe competition time series. The simulation results shows that the proposed method can capture the dynamics of the chaotic time series effectively.
    ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS
    Spin polarization effect for Tc2 molecule
    Zhu Zheng-He, Yan Shi-Ying
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2053-2057.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/013
    Abstract ( 683 )   PDF (196KB) ( 432 )  
    Density functional method (DFT) (B3p86) of Gaussian98 has been used to optimize the structure of the Tc_2 molecule. The result shows that the ground state for Tc_2 molecule is an 11-multiple state and its electronic configuration is {}^{11}Σ_g^-, which shows the spin polarization effect of Tc_2 molecule of a transition metal element for the first time. Meanwhile, we have not found any spin pollution because the wavefunction of the ground state does not mingle with wavefunctions of higher energy states. So, that the ground state for Tc_2 molecule is an 11-multiple state is indicative of the spin polarization effect of Tc_2 molecule of a transition metal element: that is, there exist 10 parallel spin electrons. The non-conjugated electron is greatest in number. These electrons occupy different spacious tracks, so that the energy of Tc_2 molecule is minimized. It can be concluded that the effect of parallel spin of the Tc_2 molecule is larger than the effect of the conjugated molecule, which is obviously related to the effect of electron d delocalization. In addition, the Murrell--Sorbie potential functions with the parameters for the ground state {}^{11}Σ_g^- and other states of Tc_2 molecule are derived. Dissociation energy D_e for the ground state of T_{c2} molecule is 2.266eV, equilibrium bond length R_e is 0.2841nm, vibration frequency ω_e is 178.52cm^{-1}. Its force constants f_2, f_3, and f_4 are 0.9200aJ·nm^{-2}, --3.5700aJ·nm^{-3}, 11.2748aJ·nm^{-4} respectively. The other spectroscopic data for the ground state of Tc_2 molecule ω_eχ_e, B_e, α_e are 0.5523cm^{-1}, 0.0426cm^{-1}, 1.6331×10^{-4}cm^{-1} respectively.
    CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMENOLOGY
    Higher-order squeezing of quantum electromagnetic fields and higher-order uncertainty relations in two-mode squeezed states
    Su Bao-Xia, Li Xi-Zeng, Chai Lu
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2058-2063.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/014
    Abstract ( 730 )   PDF (205KB) ( 354 )  
    It is found that the two-mode output quantum electromagnetic field in two-mode squeezed states exhibits higher-order squeezing to all even orders, and the degree of higher-order squeezing is greater than that of the second-order. The higher-order squeezed parameter and squeezed limit due to the modulation frequency are investigated. The smaller the modulation frequency is, the stronger the degree of higher-order squeezing becomes. Furthermore, the higher-order uncertainty relations in two-mode squeezed states are presented for the first time. The product of higher-order noise moments is related to even order number N and the squeeze factor r.
    Effect of astigmatism on spectral switches of partially coherent beams
    Lü Bai-Da, Zhao Guang-Pu, Xiao Xi
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2064-2070.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/015
    Abstract ( 723 )   PDF (246KB) ( 468 )  
    A detailed study of the spectrum of partially coherent beams diffracted at an astigmatic aperture lens is performed. Considerable attention is paid to the effect of astigmatism on spectral switches of polychromatic Gaussian Schell-model beams. It is shown that the spectral switch can also take place in the vicinity of intensity minimum in a geometrical focal plane for the astigmatic case, but the astigmatism of the lens and the spatial correlation of the beam affect the critical position u_c, spectral minimum S_{min}, and transition height Δ of spectral switches.
    Alternate oscillations of self-terminating and recombination lasers in univalent calcium and strontium ions
    Pan Bai-Liang, Chen Gang, Fang Ben-Min, Mao Bang-Ning, Yao Zhi-Xin
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2071-2076.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/016
    Abstract ( 620 )   PDF (223KB) ( 368 )  
    The univalent calcium and strontium ions have been confirmed as ideal lasing substances both for self-terminating laser and recombination laser by theoretically analysing their energy level structures and lasing mechanisms. With the optimization of the excitation circuit and the improvement of the laser cavity as well as the laser discharge tube, the alternate laser oscillations of the two laser mechanisms were successfully realized by longitudinal pulsed discharge in mixture vapours of helium and univalent ions of calcium or strontium, respectively. The dependences of laser performance on working parameters, together with the characteristics of the photoelectric pulse waveforms were elementally studied and analysed.
    Modulation instability of quasi-plane-wave optical beams in biased photorefractive-photovoltaic crystals
    Zhang Yan-Peng, Lu Ke-Qing, Zhao Wei, Yang Yan-Long, Zhu Xiang-Ping, Li Jin-Ping
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2077-2081.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/017
    Abstract ( 729 )   PDF (245KB) ( 513 )  
    We investigate the modulation instability of quasi-plane-wave optical beams in biased photorefractive-photovoltaic crystals by globally treating the space-charge field. The modulation instability growth rate is obtained, which depends on the external bias field, on the bulk photovoltaic effect, and on the ratio of the optical beam's intensity to that of the dark irradiance. Our analysis indicates that this modulation instability growth rate is identical to the modulation instability growth rate studied previously in biased photorefractive-nonphotovoltaic crystals when the bulk photovoltaic effect is negligible for shorted circuits, and predicts the modulation instability growth rate in open- and closed-circuit photorefractive-photovoltaic crystals when the external bias field is absent.
    Calculation of geometrical birefringence from two-dimensional refractive-index profile in single-mode fibres
    Dong Hui, Fu Song-Nian, Wu Chong-Qing
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2082-2086.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/018
    Abstract ( 704 )   PDF (191KB) ( 322 )  
    We present two numerical approaches to calculate the geometrical birefringence from two-dimensional refractive-index profile in single-mode fibres. One is the improved perturbation model theory, the other is based on the general solution of noncircular uniform optical waveguide in an arbitrary coordinate system. Using these methods, we can obtain not only the magnitude of geometrical birefringence, but also the orientation of birefringent axes. We report the calculation results of geometrical birefringence in a real single-mode fibre.
    Lattice Boltzmann simulation of transverse wave travelling in Maxwell viscoelastic fluid
    Fang Hai-Ping, Li Hua-Bing
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2087-2090.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/019
    Abstract ( 706 )   PDF (190KB) ( 427 )  
    A nine-velocity lattice Boltzmann method for Maxwell viscoelastic fluid is proposed. Travelling of transverse wave in Maxwell viscoelastic fluid is simulated. The instantaneous oscillating velocity, transverse shear speed and decay rate agree with theoretical results very well.
    PHYSICS OF GASES, PLASMAS, AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGES
    Observation of intermittency in edge plasma of SUNIST tokamak
    Feng Chun-Hua, Wang Wen-Hao, He Ye-Xi, Gao Zhe, Zeng Li, Zhang Guo-Ping, Xie Li-Feng
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2091-2096.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/020
    Abstract ( 821 )   PDF (239KB) ( 390 )  
    The temporal intermittency of the fluctuation-driven particle transport fluxes is analysed by using data obtained from Langmuir probe array in the edge of the Sino-United Spherical Tokamak (SUNIST). The conditional statistics analysis indicates that the intermittent structures have a characteristic time width of about 30μs, which is the typical fluctuation time scaling. It is also found that the transport fluxes have a multifractal character over the fluctuation time scales, and exhibit a long-time-range correlation character with self-similar parameter H>0.5 in the plasma confinement time scales. Furthermore, the analyses show that the level of the intermittency and the long-range correlation of the fluxes vary with increasing plasma density. These observations are consistent with the prediction of the avalanche-like model.
    Bootstrap current fraction scaling for spherical torus plasmas
    Shi Bing-Ren
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2097-2104.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/021
    Abstract ( 661 )   PDF (237KB) ( 385 )  
    Dependence of the bootstrap current fraction of spherical torus plasma on the aspect ratio and the triangular deformation is studied by using a simple equilibrium model, the Solov'ev-type equilibrium. Two bootstrap current models are used: one is the single-ion collisionless regime model, the other is the recently developed arbitrary collisional regime model. It is found that besides the well known favourable effect of the small aspect ratio on the enhancement of the bootstrap current fraction, the triangularity is beneficial for raising the total bootstrap current though it does not change its fraction much.
    Simulation for double shell pinch
    Wang Gang-Hua, Hu Xi-Jing, Sun Cheng-Wei
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2105-2108.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/022
    Abstract ( 660 )   PDF (181KB) ( 403 )  
    Basic shock phenomena are presented in a composite pinch, a hybrid of the Z-pinch. The successive transfer of current within the plasma structure is demonstrated by our calculations. Properties of the shock wave are described. The current distribution between the two shells after the outer shell hitting the inner shell is also discussed.
    CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES
    Thermal conductivity of GaAs/AlAs superlattices: The Umklapp process
    Yang Yu-Rong, Cao Jue-Xian, Xiao Yang, Mao Yu-Liang, Xiang Jun, Yu Hai-Lin, Yan Xiao-Hong
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2109-2114.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/023
    Abstract ( 1073 )   PDF (314KB) ( 504 )  
    The thermal conductivity of GaAs/AlAs superlattices limited by the three-phonon Umklapp process and boundary scattering has been studied theoretically based on the model of lattice dynamics with force constant matrix. It was found that the Umklapp relaxation rate approximates BTω^2/n with a fitting parameter B. The thermal conductivity increases with the increase of temperature at low temperatures, and would show a peak behaviour at about 60K before falling off at high temperatures. In addition, the thermal conductivity increases with the increase of period thickness of the superlattices.
    Modelling of an obliquely deposited thin film in three dimensions by kinetic Monte Carlo method
    Liu Zu-Li, Zhang Xue-Feng, Yao Kai-Lun, Wei He-Lin, Huang Yun-Mi
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2115-2120.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/024
    Abstract ( 722 )   PDF (4133KB) ( 430 )  
    A simulation of the growth of an obliquely deposited thin film in a three-dimensional lattice was made using kinetic Monte Carlo method. Cu growth in three dimensions on a (001) substrate with high deposition rates has been simulated in this model. We mainly investigated the variation of three-dimensional morphology and microstructure of films with incidence angle of sputtered flux. The relation of roughness and densities of films with incidence angle was also investigated. The simulation results show that the surface roughness increases and the relative density of thin film decreases with increasing incidence angle, respectively; the columnar structures were separated by void regions for large incidence angle and high deposition rate. The simulation results are in good agreement with experimental results. However, the orientation angle of columns is not completely consistent with the classical tangent rule.
    CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES
    Ab initio calculations of electronic structure of anatase TiO2
    Chen Qiang, Cao Hong-Hong
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2121-2125.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/025
    Abstract ( 719 )   PDF (442KB) ( 537 )  
    This paper presents the results of the self-consistent calculations on the electronic structure of anatase phase of TiO_2. The calculations were performed using the full potential-linearized augmented plane wave method (FP-LAPW) in the framework of the density functional theory (DFT) with the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). The fully optimized structure, obtained by minimizing the total energy and atomic forces, is in good agreement with experiment. We also calculated the band structure and the density of states. In particular, the calculated band structure prefers an indirect transition between valence and conduction bands of anatase TiO_2, which may be helpful for clarifying the ambiguity in other theoretical works.
    Theoretical study on the band structure and optical properties of 4H-SiC
    Xu Peng-Shou, Xie Chang-Kun, Pan Hai-Bin, Xu Fa-Qiang
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2126-2129.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/026
    Abstract ( 776 )   PDF (200KB) ( 465 )  
    We have studied the band structure and optical properties of 4H-SiC by using a full potential linearized augmented plane waves (FPLAPW) method. The density of states (DOS) and band structure are presented. The imaginary part of the dielectric function has been obtained directly from the band structure calculation. With band gap correction, the real part of the dielectric function has been derived from the imaginary part by the Kramers-Kronig (KK) dispersion relationship. The values of reflectivity for normal incidence as a function of photon energy have also been calculated. We found the theoretical results are in good agreement with the experimental data.
    Low-temperature specific heat and resistance for the heavy-electron metals CeCu6-xMx (M=Ni,Zn)
    Jiang Li-Xia, Xia Zhao-Yang, Meng Ji-Bao, Chen Zhao-Jia, Luo Jian-Lin, Wang Nan-Lin
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2130-2135.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/027
    Abstract ( 632 )   PDF (233KB) ( 361 )  
    The specific heat and resistance of CeCu_{6-x}M_x (M=Ni,Zn) have been studied in the concentration range where they still retain the orthorhombic structure. The coefficient c of -ln T term in resistance R=R_0+bT-cln T, as well as the γ, have been found to vary in opposite directions with increasing x for Ni and Zn substitutions. The physical mechanism is discussed.
    Ground state of excitons in quantum-dot quantum-well nanoparticles: stochastic variational method
    Zhang Heng, Shi Jun-Jie
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2136-2140.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/028
    Abstract ( 642 )   PDF (172KB) ( 450 )  
    Within the framework of effective mass approximation, the ground state of excitons confined in spherical core-shell quantum-dot quantum-well (QDQW) nanoparticles is solved by using the stochastic variational method, in which the finite band offset and the heavy (light) hole exciton states are considered. The calculated 1s_e-1s_h transition energies for the chosen CdS/HgS/CdS QDQW samples are in good agreement with the experimental measurements. Moreover, some previous theoretical results are improved.
    Theoretical study of quantum confined Stark shift in InAs/GaAs quantum dots
    Guo Ru-Hai, Shi Hong-Yan, Sun Xiu-Dong
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2141-2146.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/029
    Abstract ( 628 )   PDF (237KB) ( 473 )  
    The quantum confined Stark effect (QCSE) of the self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots has been investigated theoretically. The ground-state transition energies for quantum dots in the shape of a cube, pyramid or "truncated pyramid" are calculated and analysed. We use a method based on the Green function technique for calculating the strain in quantum dots and an efficient plane-wave envelope-function technique to determine the ground-state electronic structure of them with different shapes. The symmetry of quantum dots is broken by the effect of strain. So the properties of carriers show different behaviours from the traditional quantum device. Based on these results, we also calculate permanent built-in dipole moments and compare them with recent experimental data. Our results demonstrate that the measured Stark effect in self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dot structures can be explained by including linear grading.
    Magnetic properties of mixed Ising system with random field
    Zhang Qi, Wei Guo-Zhu, Liang Ya-Qiu, Qiu Wei, Zang Shu-Liang
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2147-2152.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/030
    Abstract ( 596 )   PDF (216KB) ( 382 )  
    A spin-1/2 and spin-3/2 mixed Ising system in a random field is studied by the use of effective-field theory with correlations. The phase diagrams and thermal behaviours of magnetizations are investigated numerically for the honeycomb lattice (z=3) and square lattice (z=4) respectively. The tricritical behaviours for both honeycomb and square lattices, as well as the reentrant behaviour for the square lattice are found.
    The effect of Pd doped in Ru layer on the interlayer coupling in Co/RuPd multilayers
    Zhang Ai-Guo, Wang Yin-Jun, Han Xiu-Feng, Zhan Wen-Shan
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2153-2157.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/031
    Abstract ( 627 )   PDF (214KB) ( 475 )  
    2.0nmCo/tnmRu_{1-x}Pd_x multilayers with x=0, 0.05, 0.08, 0.24, 0.39 and 0.48 were prepared by magnetron sputtering. The spacer layer thickness of both Ru (before doping Pd) and RuPd (after doping Pd) varies from 0.2nm to 1.6nm. Two effects have been investigated: (1) the dependence of the interlayer coupling on the thickness of Ru_{1-x}Pd_x as a function of x and (2) the dependence of the interlayer coupling on Pd doping density, x, as a function of thickness of Ru_{1-x}Pd_x. Our results indicate that the interlayer coupling is strongly dependent on the doping density and the spacer layer thickness. The saturation field H_s increases when very low concentration of Pd doped in the Ru layers and a suitable spacer thickness are adopted.
    M?ssbauer study and magnetic properties of electrochemical material LiFePO4
    Liu Li-Jun, Chen Li-Quan, Huang Xue-Jie, Di Nai-Li, Kou Zhi-Qi, Cheng Zhao-Hua, Luo Zhi
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2158-2161.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/032
    Abstract ( 679 )   PDF (210KB) ( 467 )  
    Magnetic properties and crystal symmetry of electrochemical material LiFePO_{4} have been investigated by M?ssbauer spectroscopy and magnetization measurement. Magnetization reveals the antiferromagnetic nature of LiFePO_{4}. Temperature dependence of inverse susceptibility and that of hyperfine field confirm that there is an antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition at about 50K.
    Comparative study of spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped tellurite glass and fibres under 980nm excitation
    Dai Shi-Xun, Zhang Jun-Jie, Li Shun-Guang, Xu Shi-Qing, Wang Guo-Nian, Yang Jian-Hu, Hu Li-Li
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2162-2168.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/033
    Abstract ( 687 )   PDF (260KB) ( 412 )  
    A tellurite fibre of TeO_{2}-ZnO-La_{2}O_{3}-Li_{2}O glass codoped with 20000 ppm ytterbium and 5000 ppm erbium was fabricated by the suction casting and rod-in-tube technologies. The absorption spectrum of Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+} -codoped bulk glass has been measured. From the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, the spontaneous emission probability and radiative lifetime τ_{rad} of Er^{3+}:{}^{4}I_{13/2}→{}^{4}I_{15/2} transition for the bulk glass have been calculated. The emission fluorescence spectra and lifetimes around 1.5μm, and subsequent upconversion fluorescence in the range of 500-700nm were measured in fibres and compared with those in bulk glass. The changes in amplified spontaneous emission with fibre length and pumping power was also measured. It was found that the emission spectrum from erbium in fibres is almost twice as broad as the corresponding spectrum in bulk glass when pumped at 980nm.
    Raman properties of GaSb nanoparticles embedded in SiO2 films
    Liu Fa-Min, Wang Tian-Min, Zhang Li-De
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2169-2173.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/034
    Abstract ( 658 )   PDF (234KB) ( 382 )  
    The Raman shifts of nanocrystalline GaSb excited by an Ar^{+} ion laser at wavelengths 514.5, 496.5, 488.0, 476.5, and 457.9nm are studied by an SPEX-1403 laser Raman spectrometer respectively, and they are explained by phonon confinement, tensile stress, resonant Raman scattering and quantum size effects. The Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman spectra of GaSb nanocrystals strongly support the Raman feature of GaSb nanocrystals. The calculated optical spectra compare well with experimental data on Raman scattering GaSb nanocrystals.
    GEOPHYSICS, ASTRONOMY, AND ASTROPHYSICS
    Numerical simulation of chemical processes in atmospheric plasmas
    Guo Wei, Wang Long, Shao Fu-Qiu, Ouyang Jian-Ming
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2174-2181.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/035
    Abstract ( 626 )   PDF (289KB) ( 436 )  
    A model is built to study chemical processes in atmospheric plasmas at low altitude (high pressure) and at high altitude (low pressure). The plasma lifetime and the temporal evolution of the main charged species are presented. The electron number density does not strictly obey the exponential damping law in a long period. The heavy charged species are dominant at low altitude in comparison with the light species at high altitude. Some species of small amount in natural air play an important role in the processes.
    RAPID COMMUNICATION
    A new type of Lie symmetrical non-Noether conserved quantity for nonholonomic systems
    Huang Fei-Jiang, Lu Yi-Bing, Luo Shao-Kai
    Chin. Phys. B, 2004, 13 (12):  2182-2186.  DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/12/036
    Abstract ( 683 )   PDF (164KB) ( 401 )  
    For a nonholonomic system, a new type of Lie symmetrical non-Noether conserved quantity is given under general infinitesimal transformations of groups in which time is variable. On the basis of the invariance theory of differential equations of motion under infinitesimal transformations for t and q_s, we construct the Lie symmetrical determining equations, the constrained restriction equations and the additional restriction equations of the system. And a new type of Lie symmetrical non-Noether conserved quantity is directly obtained from the Lie symmetry of the system, which only depends on the variables t, q_s and \dot{q}_s. A series of deductions are inferred for a holonomic nonconservative system, Lagrangian system and other dynamical systems in the case of vanishing of time variation. An example is given to illustrate the application of the results.
ISSN 1674-1056   CN 11-5639/O4
, Vol. 13, No. 12

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