Selection rules for electric multipole transition of diatomic molecule in scattering experiments
The knowledge of the energy level structures of atoms and molecules is mainly obtained by spectroscopic experiments. Both photoabsorption and photoemission spectra are subject to the electric dipole selection rules (also known as optical selection rules). However, the selection rules for atoms and molecules in the scattering experiments are not identical to those in the optical experiments. In this paper, based on the theory of the molecular point group, the selection rules are derived and summarized for the electric monopole, electric dipole, electric quadrupole, and electric octupole transitions of diatomic molecules under the first Born approximation in scattering experiments. Then based on the derived selection rules, the electron scattering spectra and x-ray scattering spectra of H2, N2, and CO at different momentum transfers are explained, and the discrepancies between the previous experimental results measured by different groups are elucidated.
Stability and performance analysis of a jump linear control system subject to digital upsets
Light trapping characteristics of glass substrate with hemisphere pit arrays in thin film Si solar cells
In this paper, the light trapping characteristics of glass substrate with hemisphere pit (HP) arrays in thin film Si solar cells are theoretically studied via a numerical approach. It is found that the HP glass substrate has good antireflection properties. Its surface reflectance can be reduced by ～ 50% compared with planar glass. The HP arrays can make the unabsorbed light return to the absorbing layer of solar cells, and the ratio of second absorption approximately equals 30%. Thus, the glass substrate with the hemisphere pit arrays (HP glass) can effectively reduce the total reflectivity of a solar cell from 20% to 13%. The HP glass can also prolong the optical path length. The numerical results show that the total optical path length of the thin film Si solar cell covered with the HP glass increases from 2ω to 4ω. These results are basically consistent with the experimental results.
Spatial snowdrift game in heterogeneous agent systems with co-evolutionary strategies and updating rules
On the correspondence between three nodes W states in quantum network theory and the oriented links in knot theory
Effect of the dispersion on multipartite continuous-variable entanglement in optical parametric amplifier
Universal quantum computation using all-optical hybrid encoding
Fault tolerant deterministic secure quantum communication using logical Bell states against collective noise
High-dimensional quantum state transfer in a noisy network environment
We propose and analyze an efficient high-dimensional quantum state transfer protocol in an XX coupling spin network with a hypercube structure or chain structure. Under free spin wave approximation, unitary evolution results in a perfect high-dimensional quantum swap operation requiring neither external manipulation nor weak coupling. Evolution time is independent of either distance between registers or dimensions of sent states, which can improve the computational efficiency. In the low temperature regime and thermodynamic limit, the decoherence caused by a noisy environment is studied with a model of an antiferromagnetic spin bath coupled to quantum channels via an Ising-type interaction. It is found that while the decoherence reduces the fidelity of state transfer, increasing intra-channel coupling can strongly suppress such an effect. These observations demonstrate the robustness of the proposed scheme.
Atom-field entanglement in the Jaynes–Cummings modelwithout rotating wave approximation
The effect of s-wave scattering length on self-trapping and tunneling phenomena of Fermi gases in one-dimensional accelerating optical lattices
Current and efficiency of Brownian particles under oscillating forces in entropic barriers
Principal resonance response of a stochastic elastic impact oscillator under nonlinear delayed state feedback
In this paper, the principal resonance response of a stochastically driven elastic impact (EI) system with time-delayed cubic velocity feedback is investigated. Firstly, based on the method of multiple scales, the steady-state response and its dynamic stability are analyzed in deterministic and stochastic cases, respectively. It is shown that for the case of the multi-valued response with the frequency island phenomenon, only the smallest amplitude of the steady-state response is stable under a certain time delay, which is different from the case of the traditional frequency response. Then, a design criterion is proposed to suppress the jump phenomenon, which is induced by the saddle-node bifurcation. The effects of the feedback parameters on the steady-state responses, as well as the size, shape, and location of stability regions are studied. Results show that the system responses and the stability boundaries are highly dependent on these parameters. Furthermore, with the purpose of suppressing the amplitude peak and governing the resonance stability, appropriate feedback gain and time delay are derived.
Cluster synchronization in community network with nonidentical nodes via intermittent pinning control
Simulation study on characteristics of long-range interaction in randomly asymmetric exclusion process
First-principles study of structural, elastic, and thermodynamic properties of ZrHf alloy
Structural parameters, elastic constants, and thermodynamic properties of ordered and disordered solid solutions of ZrHf alloys are investigated through first-principles calculations based on density-functional theory (DFT). The special quasi-random structure (SQS) method is used to model the disordered phase as a single unit cell, and two lamella structures are generated to model the ordered alloys. Small strains are applied to the unit cells to measure the elastic behavior and mechanical stability of ZrHf alloys and to obtain the independent elastic constants by the stress-strain relationship. Phonon dispersions and phonon density of states are presented to verify the thermodynamic stability of the considered phases. Our results show that both the ordered and disordered phases of ZrHf alloys are structurally stable. Based on the obtained phonon frequencies, thermodynamic properties, including Gibbs free energy, entropy, and heat capacity, are predicted within the quasi-harmonic approximation. It is verified that there are no obvious differences in energy between ordered and disordered phases over a wide temperature range.
Weak- and hyperfine-interaction-induced 1s2s 1S0→1s2 1S0 E1 transition rates of He-like ions
Weak- and hyperfine-interaction-induced 1s2s 1S0→1s2 1S0 E1 transition rates for the isoelectronic sequence of Helike ions have been calculated using the multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) and relativistic configuration interaction methods. The results should be helpful for the future experimental investigations of parity non-conservation effects.
Theoretical study of amplified spontaneous emission intensity and bandwidth reduction in polymer
Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), including intensity and bandwidth, in a typical example of BuEH-PPV is calculated. For this purpose, the intensity rate equation is used to explain the reported experimental measurements of a BuEH-PPV sample pumped at different pump intensities from Ip=0.61 MW/cm2 to 5.2 MW/cm2. Both homogeneously and inhomogeneously broadened transition lines along with a model based on the geometrically dependent gain coefficient (GDGC) are examined and it is confirmed that for the reported measurements the homogeneously broadened line is responsible for the light-matter interaction. The calculation explains the frequency spectrum of the ASE output intensity extracted from the sample at different pump intensities, unsaturated and saturated gain coefficients, and ASE bandwidth reduction along the propagation direction. Both analytical and numerical calculations for verifying the GDGC model are presented in this paper. Although the introduced model has shown its potential for explaining the ASE behavior in a specific sample it can be universally used for the ASE study in different active media.
Influence of multi-photon excitation on the atomic above-threshold ionization
Using the time-dependent pseudo-spectral scheme, we solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation of a hydrogen-like atom in a strong laser field in momentum space. The intensity-resolved photoelectron energy spectrum in above-threshold ionization is obtained and further analyzed. We find that with the increase of the laser intensity, the above-threshold ionization emission spectrum exhibits periodic resonance structure. By analyzing the population of atomic bound states, we find that it is the multi-photon excitation of bound state that leads to the occurrence of this phenomenon, which is in fairly good agreement with the experimental results.
THz wave emission from argon in two-color laser field
Terahertz (THz) wave emission from argon atom in a two-color laser pulses is studied numerically by solving the one-dimensional (1D) time-dependent Schrödinger equation. The THz spectra we obtained include both discontinuous and continuum ones. By using the special basis functions that we previously proposed, our analysis points out that the discontinuous and continuum parts are contributed by bound-bound and continuum-continuum transition of atomic energy levels. Although the atomic wave function is strongly dressed during the interaction with laser fields, our identification for the discontinuous part of the THz wave shows that the transition between highly excited bound states can still be well described by the field-free basis function in the tunneling ionization regime.
Quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains via UV-assisted resonance enhance ionization
We theoretically investigate the quantum path selection in an ultraviolet (UV)-assisted near-infrared field with an UV energy below the ionization threshold. By calculating the ionization probability with different assistant UV frequencies, we find that a resonance-enhanced ionization peak emerges in the region Euvp, where Euv is the photon energy and Ip is the ionization energy. With an attosecond pulse train (APT) centered in the resonance region, we show that the short quantum path can be well selected in the continuum case. By performing the electron trajectory analysis, we have further explained the physical mechanism of the quantum path selection. Moreover, we also demonstrate that in the resonance region, the harmonic emission from the selected paths is more efficient than that with the APT energy above the ionization threshold.
Investigation of electron localization in harmonic emission from asymmetric molecular ion
We theoretically investigate the electron localization around two nuclei in harmonic emission from asymmetric molecular ion. The results show that the ionization process of electron localized around one nucleus competes with its transfer process to the other nucleus. By increasing the initial vibrational level, more electrons localized around the nucleus D+ tend to transfer to the nucleus He2+ so that the ionizations of electrons localized around the nucleus He2+ increase. In this case, the difference in harmonic efficiency between HeH2+ and HeD2+ decreases while the difference in harmonic spectral structure increases. The evident minimum can be observed in the harmonic spectrum of HeH2+ compared with that in the spectral structure of HeD2+, which is due to the strong interference of multiple recombination channels originating from two nuclei. Time-dependent nuclear probability density, electron-nuclear probability density, double-well model, and time-frequency maps are presented to explain the underlying mechanisms.
Identification of isomers and control of ionization and dissociation processes using dual-mass-spectrometer scheme and genetic algorithm optimization
Identification of acetone and its two isomers, and the control of their ionization and dissociation processes are performed using a dual-mass-spectrometer scheme. The scheme employs two sets of time of flight mass spectrometers to simultaneously acquire the mass spectra of two different molecules under the irradiation of identically shaped femtosecond laser pulses. The optimal laser pulses are found using closed-loop learning method based on a genetic algorithm. Compared with the mass spectra of the two isomers that are obtained with the transform limited pulse, those obtained under the irradiation of the optimal laser pulse show large differences and the various reaction pathways of the two molecules are selectively controlled. The experimental results demonstrate that the scheme is quite effective and useful in studies of two molecules having common mass peaks, which makes a traditional single mass spectrometer unfeasible.
Accurate calculation of the potential energy curve and spectroscopic parameters of X2Σ+ state of 12Mg1H
Quasi-classical trajectory study of collision energy effect on the stereodynamics of H + BrO→O + HBr reaction
Efficient loading of a single neutral atom into an optical microscopic tweezer
A single atom in a magneto-optical trap (MOT) with trap size (hundreds of micrometers) can be transferred into an optical microscopic tweezer with a probability of ～ 100%. The ability to transfer a single atom into two traps back and forth allows us to study the loading process. The loading probability is found to be insensitive to the geometric overlap of the MOT and the tweezer. It is therefore possible to perform simultaneously loading of a single atom into all sites of the tweezer array for many qubits. In particular, we present a simulation of the one-dimensional and two-dimensional arrays of an optical microscopic tweezer. We find the same qualitative behavior for all of the trap parameters.
Optimized design and fabrication of nanosecond response electro–optic switch based on ultraviolet-curable polymers
Experimental verification of effect of horizontal inhomogeneity of evaporation duct on electromagnetic wave propagation
The evaporation duct which forms above the ocean surface has a significant influence on electromagnetic wave propagation above 2 GHz over the ocean. The effects of horizontal inhomogeneity of evaporation duct on electromagnetic wave propagation are investigated, both in numerical simulation and experimental observation methods, in this paper. Firstly, the features of the horizontal inhomogeneity of the evaporation duct are discussed. Then, two typical inhomogeneous cases are simulated and compared with the homogeneous case. The result shows that path loss is significantly higher than that in the homogeneous case when the evaporation duct height (EDH) at the receiver is lower than that at the transmitter. It is also concluded that the horizontal inhomogeneity of the evaporation duct has a significant influence when the EDH is low or when the electromagnetic wave frequency is lower than 13 GHz. Finally, experimental data collected on a 149-km long propagation path in the South China Sea in 2013 are used to verify the conclusion. The experimental results are consistent with the simulation results. The horizontal inhomogeneity of evaporation duct should be considered when modeling electromagnetic wave propagation over the ocean.
Intensity distribution properties of Gaussian vortex beam propagation in atmospheric turbulence
By using wave optics numerical simulation, the intensity-hole effect, beam spreading and wandering properties of Gaussian vortex beam propagation in atmospheric turbulence are investigated quantitatively. It is found that an intensity hole in the center of the beam pattern appears gradually as a Gaussian vortex beam propagates. The size of the intensity hole increases with the increase of the topological charge of the vortex phase. However, the intensity hole could to some extent be filled with optical energy by atmospheric turbulence, especially in strong turbulence. The radius of the intensity hole first decreases and then increases with the growth of turbulence strength. The effective radius of vortex beam with larger topological charge is greater than with a smaller topological charge. But the topological charge has no evident influence on beam wandering.
All-fiber modal interferometer based on an up-taper-core-offset structure for curvature sensing
Sub-Rayleigh limit imaging via intensity correlation measurements
Phase-controlled coherent population trapping in superconducting quantum circuits
Optimizing quantum correlation dynamics by weak measurement in dissipative environment
Raman gains of ADP and KDP crystals
Propagation of Gaussian beams family through a Kerr-type left-handed metamaterial
Low threshold fiber taper coupled rare earth ion-doped chalcogenide microsphere laser
We report the applications of a low-cost and environmentally friendly chalcogenide glass, 75GeS2-15Ga2S3-10CsI, in building active microsphere laser oscillators. A silica fiber taper is used as the coupling mechanism. With an 808-nm laser diode as a pump source, we show that a high-Q (～ 6×104) laser mode could be obtained from a 75-μm diameter microsphere that is coupled with a 1.77-μm waist-diameter fiber taper. The threshold of the incident pump power is 1.39 mW, which is considerably lower than those of previously reported free-space coupled chalcogenide microsphere lasers. We also note an apparent enhancement in laser power generated from this chalcogenide microsphere laser.
Application of an Al-doped zinc oxide subcontact layer on vanadium-compensated 6H-SiC photoconductive switches
Al-doped ZnO thin film (AZO) is used as a subcontact layer in 6H-SiC photoconductive semiconductor switches (PCSSs) to reduce the on-state resistance and optimize the device structure. Our photoconductive test shows that the on-state resistance of lateral PCSS with an n+-AZO subcontact layer is 14.7% lower than that of PCSS without an n+-AZO subcontact layer. This occurs because a heavy-doped AZO thin film can improve Ohmic contact properties, reduce contact resistance, and alleviate Joule heating. Combined with the high transparance characteristic at 532 nm of AZO film, vertical structural PCSS devices are designed and their structural superiority is discussed. This paper provides a feasible route for fabricating high performance SiC PCSS by using conductive and transparent ZnO-based materials.
Axisymmetric wave propagation in gas shear flow confined by a rigid-walled pipeline
Relationships of the internodal distance of biological tissue with its sound velocity and attenuation at high frequency in doublet mechanics
A theoretical investigation on anomalous switching of single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (ssDNA) monolayers by water vapor
Analysis for flow of Jeffrey fluid with nanoparticles
Experimental investigation of effects of airflows on plasma-assisted combustion actuator characteristics
The enhancement of 21.2%-power conversion efficiency in polymer photovoltaic cells by using mixed Au nanoparticles with a wide absorption spectrum of 400 nm-1000 nm
Study on superstructure in ion co-doped BiFeO3 by using transmission electron microscopy
Effect of size on momentum distribution of electrons around vacancies in NiO nanoparticles
Comparative research on “high currents” induced by single event latch-up and transient-induced latch-up
Characterization of ZnS nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method
Negative refractions by triangular lattice sonic crystals in partial band gaps
This study numerically demonstrates the effects of partial band gaps on the negative refraction properties of sonic crystal. The partial band gap appearing at the second band edge leads to the efficient transmissions of scattered wave envelopes in the transverse directions inside triangular lattice sonic crystal, and therefore enhances the refraction property of sonic crystal. Numerical simulation results indicate a diagonal guidance of coupled scattered wave envelopes inside crystal structure at the partial band gap frequencies and then output waves are restored in the vicinity of the output interface of sonic crystal by combining phase coherent scattered waves according to Huygens' principles. This mechanism leads to two operations for wavefront engineering: one is spatial wavefront shifting operation and the other is convex-concave wavefront inversion operation. The effects of this mechanism on the negative refraction and wave focalization are investigated by using the finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations. This study contributes to a better understanding of negative refraction and wave focusing mechanisms at the band edge frequencies, and shows the applications of the slab corner beam splitting and SC-air multilayer acoustic system.
Radial collapse and physical mechanism of carbon nanotube with divacancy and 5-8-5 defects
By employing molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the radial collapses and elasticities of different chiral single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with divacancy, and 5-8-5 defects. It is found that divacancy and 5-8-5 defect can reduce the collapse pressure (Pc) of SWCNT (10, 10) while 5-8-5 defect can greatly increase Pc of SWCNT (17, 0). For example, 5-8-5 defect can make Pc of SWCNT (17, 0) increase by 500%. A model is established to understand the effects of chirality, divacancy, and 5-8-5 defect on radial collapse of SWCNTs. The results are particularly of value for understanding the mechanical behavior of SWCNT with divacancy, and the 5-8-5 defect that may be considered as a filler of high loading composites.
Self-assembly of lamella-forming diblock copolymers confined in nanochannels: Effect of confinement geometry
The self-assembly of symmetric diblock copolymers confined in the channels of variously shaped cross sections (regular triangles, squares, and ellipses) is investigated using a simulated annealing technique. In the bulk, the studied symmetric diblock copolymers form a lamellar structure with period LL. The geometry and surface property of the confining channels have a large effect on the self-assembled structures and the orientation of the lamellar structures. Stacked perpendicular lamellae with period LL are observed for neutral surfaces regardless of the channel shape and size, but each lamella is in the shape of the corresponding channel's cross section. In the case of triangle-shaped cross sections, stacked parallel lamellae are the majority morphologies for weakly selective surfaces, while morphologies including a triangular-prism-shaped B-cylinder and multiple tridentate lamellae are obtained for strongly selective surfaces. In the cases of square-shaped and ellipse-shaped cross sections, concentric lamellae are the signature morphology for strongly selective surfaces, whereas for weakly selective surfaces, stacked parallel lamellae, and several types of folding lamellae are obtained in the case of square-shaped cross sections, and stacked parallel lamellae are the majority morphologies in the case of ellipse-shaped cross sections when the length of the minor axis is commensurate with the bulk lamellar period. The mean-square end-to-end distance, the average contact number between different species and the surface concentration of the A-monomers are computed to elucidate the mechanisms of the formation of the different morphologies. It is found that the resulting morphology is a consequence of competition among the chain stretching, interfacial energy, and surface energy. Our results suggest that the self-assembled morphology and the orientation of lamellae can be manipulated by the shape, the size, and the surface property of the confining channels.
A space-dependent atomic superfluid current in Bose-Einstein condensates
A space-dependent atomic superfluid current with an explicit analytical expression and its role in Bose-Einstein condensates are studied. The factors determining the intensity and oscillating amplitude of the space-dependent atomic superfluid current are explored in detail. Research findings reveal that the intensity of the current can be regulated by setting an appropriate configuration of the trap and its oscillating amplitude can be adjusted via Feshbach resonance. It is numerically demonstrated that the space-dependent atomic superfluid current can exert great influence on the spatial distribution of condensed atoms, and even force condensed atoms into very complex distributional states with spatial chaos.
Thermoelectric properties of Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 -δ ceramics in different oxygen-reduction conditions
Electrical transport properties of YCo1-xMnxO3 (0≤ x ≤ 0.2) prepared by sol-gel process
Improvement of mobility edge model by using new density of states with exponential tail for organic diode
Synthesis and electrochemical properties of three-dimensional graphene/polyaniline composites for supercapacitor electrode materials
Decrease of back recombination rate in CdS quantum dots sensitized solar cells using reduced graphene oxide
Room-temperature terahertz detection based on CVD graphene transistor
Enhanced surface plasmon interference lithography from cavity resonance in the grating slits
Novel attributes and design considerations of effective oxide thickness in nano DG MOSFETs
Novel substrate trigger SCR-LDMOS stacking structure for high-voltage ESD protection application
An ultra-low specific on-resistance trench LDMOS with a U-shaped gate and accumulation layer
Perfect GMR effect in gapped graphene-based ferromagnetic—normal—ferromagnetic junctions
Two-electron localization in a quantum dot molecule driven by a cosine squared field
Thermal and thermoelectric response from Keldysh formalism with application to gapped Dirac fermions
Based on the Keldysh Green's functions theory, we present a general formula of the thermal and thermoelectric transport. In the clean limit, our formula recovers the previous results obtained from the semiclassical transport theory. In our approach, we propose an appropriate energy current operator and electric current operator, and the unphysical divergence from the direct application of the Kubo formula is eliminated. As an application, we study the thermal and the thermoelectric Hall conductivities of a gapped Dirac fermion model in the presence of impurity scattering.
Retrieval of original signals for superconducting quantum interference device operating in flux locked mode
We discuss a simple relation between the input and output signals of a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer operating in flux locked mode in a cosine curve approximation. According to this relation, an original fast input signal can be easily retrieved from its distorted output response. This technique can be used in some areas such as sensitive and fast detection of magnetic or metallic grains in medicine and food security checking.
Tunable coplanar waveguide resonator with nanowires
A tunable superconducting half-wavelength coplanar waveguide resonator (CPWR) with Nb parallel nanowires ～ 300 nm in width embedded in the center conductor was designed, fabricated, and measured. The frequency shift and the amplitude attenuation of the resonance peak under irradiation of 404-nm pulse laser were observed with different light powers at 4.2 K. The RF power supplied to such a CPWR can serve as current bias, which will affect the light response of the resonator.
Trajectory and frequency of vortex gyration in a multi-nanocontact geometry
Nonlinear vortex gyrotropic motion in a three-nanocontacts system is investigated by micromagnetic simulations and analytical calculations. Three out-of-plane spin-polarized currents are injected into a nanodisk through a centered nanocontact and two off-centered nanocontacts, respectively. For current combination (ip1, ip0, ip2)=(-1, 1, -1), the trajectory of the vortex core is a peanut-like orbit, but it is an elliptical orbit for (ip1, ip0, ip2)=(1, 1, -1). Moreover, the gyrotropic frequency displays peaks for both current combinations. Analytical calculations based on the Thiele equation show that the changes of frequency can be ascribed mainly to the forces generated by the Oersted field accompanying the currents. We also demonstrate a dependence of eigenfrequency shifts on the direction and distance of the applied currents.
Model of hybrid interfacial domain wall in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayers
A general model of a hybrid interfacial domain wall (HIDW) in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic exchange biased bilayers is proposed, where an interfacial domain wall is allowed to extend into either the ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic layer or across both. The proposition is based on our theoretical investigation on thickness and field dependences of ferromagnetic domain wall (FMDW) and antiferromagnetic domain wall (AFDW), respectively. Good match of the simulation to the hysteresis loops of a series of NiFe/FeMn exchange-biased bilayers confirms the existence of the HIDW, where the AFDW part is found to preferentially occupy the entire antiferromagnetic layer while the FMDW shrinks with the increased magnetic field as expected. The observed asymmetry between the ascending and descending branches of the hysteresis loop is explained naturally as a consequence of different partition ratios between AFDW and FMDW.
High frequency characteristics of (Ni75Fe2)x(ZnO)1-x granular thin films with tunable damping coefficient
The effect of the volume fraction of ferromagnetic metal (x) in (Ni75Fe25)x(ZnO)1-x nanogranular thin films on microstructural, soft-magnetic, and high-frequency properties was investigated. Good soft-magnetic properties were obtained in a broad x range, with 0.55 < x < 0.82. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) observations reveal that the grain size of the samples is lower than 14 nm, and that it decreases with decreasing x. Of special interest, our investigation of the permeability spectra indicates that these films exhibit an adjustable frequency linewidth of resonance peak, dependant upon changing x. Correspondingly, large and adjustable damping coefficients (αeff) from 0.023 to 0.043 were achieved by decreasing x from 0.82 to 0.55. Combined with the HRTEM results, the variation of αeff with x was analyzed in detail.
Optimization of TiO2/Cu/TiO2 multilayers as a transparent composite electrode deposited by electron-beam evaporation at room temperature
Optical properties of rubrene thin film prepared by thermal evaporation
Abnormal ionization in sonoluminescence
Sonoluminescence is a complex phenomenon, the mechanism of which remains unclear. The present study reveals that an abnormal ionization process is likely to be present in the sonoluminescing bubble. To fit the experimental data of previous studies, we assume that the ionization energies of the molecules and atoms in the bubble decrease as the gas density increases and that the decrease of the ionization energy reaches about 60%-70% as the bubble flashes, which is difficult to explain by using previous models.
Strain distributions of confined Au/Ag and Ag/Au nanoparticles
Effect of local environment in resonant domains of polydisperse plasmonic nanoparticle aggregates on optodynamic processes in pulsed laser fields
Interactions of pulsed laser radiation with resonance domains of multiparticle colloidal aggregates having an increasingly complex local environment are studied via an optodynamic model. The model is applied to the simplest configurations, such as single particles, dimers, and trimers consisting of mono- and polydisperse Ag nanoparticles. We analyze how the local environment and the associated local field enhancement by surrounding particles affect the optodynamic processes in domains, including their photomodification and optical properties.
Electron with arbitrary pseudo-spins in multilayer graphene
Effect of milling atmosphere on structural and magnetic properties of Ni–Zn ferrite nanocrystalline
Numerical simulation and analysis of complex patterns in a two-layer coupled reaction diffusion system
A two-stage spectrum sensing scheme based on energy detection and a novel multitaper method
Research on spatial-variant property of bistatic ISAR imaging plane of space target
Enhanced near-infrared responsivity of silicon photodetector by the impurity photovoltaic effect
Simulation and experimental study of high power microwave damage effect on AlGaAs/InGaAs pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistor
Transient simulation and analysis of current collapse due to trapping effects in AlGaN/GaN high-electron-mobility transistor
Analysis on high speed response of a uni-traveling-carrier double hetero-junction phototransistor
Wireless contactless pressure measurement of an LC passive pressure sensor with a novel antenna for high-temperature applications
Warm-dry collocation of the recent drought in southwestern China tied to moisture transport and climate warming
Function projective synchronization between two different complex networks with correlated random disturbances
Spatiotemporal characteristics and water budget of water cycle elements in different seasons in northeast China
Objective identification research on cold vortex and mid-summer rainy periods in Northeast China
Comparison of performance between rescaled range analysis and rescaled variance analysis in detecting abrupt dynamic change