Smart textiles responding to the ambient environment like temperature, humidity, and light are highly desirable to improve the comfortability and realize multifunctions. The bamboo yarn has merits like air permeability, biodegradability, and excellent heat dissipation performance, but it has not been prepared for responsive materials and smart textiles. In this paper, the moisture-responsive twisted bamboo yarns were plied to form a self-balanced torsional actuator and wrapped around a mandrel to form a coil, followed by water immersion and evaporation to fix the shape and serve as a tensile actuator. A torsional actuation of 64.4°· mm -1 was realized for the twisted actuator in 4.2 s; a maximum elongation of 133% or contraction of 50% was achieved for a coiled tensile actuator with good cyclability. The porous structure of bamboo yarns helped improve the water absorbance speed and decrease the response time of moisture. The self-balanced two-ply physical structure and reversible generation of chemical phase after soaking in aqueous solution fixed internal stress and provided good cyclability. With the unique properties including aqueous water-induced shape fixation and moisture-induced actuation, the application of tensile actuation of bamboo yarns was demonstrated, showing promising prospects on smart textiles.
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