Establishment of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian system of multilayer quasi-geostrophic flow & study on its linear stability

Si-xun Huang(黄思训)^{1,2}, Yu Wang(王宇)^{1}, Jie Xiang(项杰)^{1}

1. Institute of Meteorology and Oceanography, National University of Defense Technology, Nanjing 211101, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China

Abstract A multilayer flow is a stratified fluid composed of a finite number of layers with densities homogeneous within one layer but different from each other. It is an intermediate system between the single-layer barotropic model and the continuously stratified baroclinic model. Since this system can simulate the baroclinic effect simply, it is widely used to study the large-scale dynamic process in atmosphere and ocean. The present paper is concerned with the linear stability of the multilayer quasi-geostrophic flow, and the associated linear stability criteria are established. Firstly, the nonlinear model is turned into the form of a Hamiltonian system, and a basic flow is defined. But it cannot be an extreme point of the Hamiltonian function since the system is an infinite-dimensional one. Therefore, it is necessary to reconstruct a new Hamiltonian function so that the basic flow becomes an extreme point of it. Secondly, the linearized equations of disturbances in the multilayer quasi-geostrophic flow are derived by introducing infinitesimal disturbances superposed on the basic flows. Finally, the properties of the linearized system are discussed, and the linear stability criteria in the sense of Liapunov are derived under two different conditions with respect to certain norms.

Si-xun Huang,Yu Wang,Jie Xiang. Establishment of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian system of multilayer quasi-geostrophic flow & study on its linear stability[J]. Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(11):114701.