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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(5): 054216    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/5/054216
ELECTROMAGNETISM, OPTICS, ACOUSTICS, HEAT TRANSFER, CLASSICAL MECHANICS, AND FLUID DYNAMICS Prev   Next  

Numerical investigation on broadband mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenide suspended-core fibers

Kundong Mo(莫坤东)1, Bo Zhai(翟波)1, Jianfeng Li(李剑峰)1, E Coscelli2, F Poli2, A Cucinotta2, S Selleri2, Chen Wei(韦晨)1, Yong Liu(刘永)1
1 State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices, School of Optoelectronic Information, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China;
2 Information Engineering Department, University of Parma, Parma 43124, Italy
Abstract  

As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide 3-bridges suspended-core fibers (SCFs) are designed with shifted zero-dispersion wavelengths (ZDWs) at around 1.5 μm, 2 μm, and 2.8 μm, respectively. A generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation is used to numerically compare supercontinuum (SC) generation in these SCFs pumped at an anomalous dispersion region nearby their ZDWs. Evolutions of the long-wavelength edge (LWE), the power proportion in the long-wavelength region (PPL), and spectral flatness (SF) are calculated and analyzed. Meanwhile, the optimal pump parameters and fiber length are given with LWE, PPL, and SF taken into account. For As2S3 SCFs, SC from a 14 mm-long fiber with a ZDW of 2825 nm pumped at 2870 nm can achieve the longest LWE of ~13 μm and PPL up to ~72%. For As2Se3 SCFs, the LWE of 15.5 μm and the highest PPL of ~87% can be achieved in a 10 mm-long fiber with ZDW of 1982 nm pumped at 2000 nm. Although the As2Se3 SCFs can achieve much longer LWE than the As2S3 SCFs, the core diameter of As2Se3 SCFs will be much smaller to obtain a similar ZDW, leading to lower damage threshold and output power. Finally, the optimal parameters for generating SC spanning over different mid-IR windows are given.

Keywords:  supercontinuum generation      suspended-core chalcogenide fiber      nonlinear optics      fiber design  
Received:  05 July 2016      Revised:  09 January 2017      Published:  05 May 2017
PACS:  42.81.-i (Fiber optics)  
  42.81.Bm (Fabrication, cladding, and splicing)  
  42.65.Sf (Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics)  
  42.81.Dp (Propagation, scattering, and losses; solitons)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61435003, 61377042, 61505024, and 61421002), Open Fund of State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, China (Grant No. 2015GZKF004), Open Found of Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks, Shanghai University, China (Grant No. SKLSFO2014-07), and Open Fund of Science and Technology on Solid-State Laser Laboratory, China (Grant No. H04010501W2015000604).

Corresponding Authors:  Bo Zhai     E-mail:  cqzhaibo@sina.com

Cite this article: 

Kundong Mo(莫坤东), Bo Zhai(翟波), Jianfeng Li(李剑峰), E Coscelli, F Poli, A Cucinotta, S Selleri, Chen Wei(韦晨), Yong Liu(刘永) Numerical investigation on broadband mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenide suspended-core fibers 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 054216

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