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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(7): 076501    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/7/076501

Effects of energy dissipation on anisotropic materials

Zhang Ling-Yun
Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

A model and its simulations are presented to describe the effects of energy dissipation on anisotropic systems. When the current electromigration is constant, energy dissipation depends on lattice constants, resistivity, and the angles along the longitudinal and transversal directions. It is shown that an orientation variation of the grain can significantly influence the energy dissipation for some anisotropic materials. Based on calculations for the grain model, the mechanism of grain growth and microstructure evolution under electromigration is explained. Theoretical implications about material selection and reliability are derived.

Keywords:  electromigration      energy dissipation  
Received:  06 January 2015      Revised:  01 April 2015      Published:  05 July 2015
PACS: (Work functions)  
  81.05.Bx (Metals, semimetals, and alloys)  
  66.30.Qa (Electromigration)  
  68.65.Ac (Multilayers)  
Corresponding Authors:  Zhang Ling-Yun     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zhang Ling-Yun Effects of energy dissipation on anisotropic materials 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 076501

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