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Chin. Phys., 2002, Vol. 11(1): 44-49    DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/11/1/010
PHYSICS OF GASES, PLASMAS, AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGES Prev   Next  

Three-dimensional modelling of the flow and heat transfer in a laminar non-transferred arc plasma torch

Li He-Ping, Chen Xi
Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract  By experimental observation we show that the plasma flow and heat transfer within a direct current (DC) non-transferred arc plasma torch always show appreciable three-dimensional (3D) peculiarity even when the geometrical construction of the torch and working gas admission and external electrical collection conditions are completely axisymmetrical. Previous two-dimensional (2D) modelling studies cannot predict the 3D peculiarity of the plasma torch. We have successfully performed 3D modelling, and in this paper we present the modelling results for the plasma flow and heat transfer characteristics in a laminar DC non-transferred arc argon plasma torch. The predicted arc-root location on the surface of the torch anode and arc voltage compare favourably with the corresponding experimental results.
Keywords:  3D modelling      non-transferred arc      plasma torch  
Received:  17 June 2001      Revised:  10 September 2001      Published:  12 June 2005
PACS:  52.75.Hn (Plasma torches)  
  52.30.-q (Plasma dynamics and flow)  
  52.65.Kj (Magnetohydrodynamic and fluid equation)  
  52.80.Mg (Arcs; sparks; lightning; atmospheric electricity)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 59836220 and 50176024).

Cite this article: 

Li He-Ping, Chen Xi Three-dimensional modelling of the flow and heat transfer in a laminar non-transferred arc plasma torch 2002 Chin. Phys. 11 44

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