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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(9): 090304    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac6dba
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Improvement of a continuous-variable measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution system via quantum scissors

Lingzhi Kong(孔令志), Weiqi Liu(刘维琪), Fan Jing(荆凡), Zhe-Kun Zhang(张哲坤), Jin Qi(齐锦), and Chen He(贺晨)
College of Information Science and Technology, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
Abstract  We propose a new scheme to enhance the performance of the Gussian-modulated coherent-state continuous-variable measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (CV-MDI-QKD) system via quantum scissors (QS) operation at Bob's side. As an non-deterministic amplifying setup, we firstly introduce the QS-enhanced CV-MDI-QKD protocol and then investigate the success probability of the QS operation in accordance with the equivalent one-way scheme. Afterwards, we investigate the effect of the QS operation on the proposed scheme and analyze the performance of the QS-enhanced CV-MDI-QKD system under the extreme asymmetric circumstance. Simulation results show that the QS operation can indeed improve the performance of the CV-MDI-QKD system considerably. QS-enhanced CV-MDI-QKD protocol outperforms the original CV-MDI-QKD protocol in both the maximum transmission distance and the secret key rate. Moreover, the better the performance of QS operation, the more significant the improvement of performance of the system.
Keywords:  measurement-device-independent      quantum key distribution      quantum scissors      performance  
Received:  24 February 2022      Revised:  22 April 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  07 May 2022
PACS:  03.67.Hk (Quantum communication)  
  03.67.Dd (Quantum cryptography and communication security)  
  03.67.-a (Quantum information)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 62001383) and the Scientific Research Plan Project of Shaanxi Education Department (Natural Science Special Project) (Grant No. 19JK0847).
Corresponding Authors:  Weiqi Liu, Chen He     E-mail:  vickylwq1991@nwu.edu.cn;chenhe@nwu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Lingzhi Kong(孔令志), Weiqi Liu(刘维琪), Fan Jing(荆凡), Zhe-Kun Zhang(张哲坤), Jin Qi(齐锦), and Chen He(贺晨) Improvement of a continuous-variable measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution system via quantum scissors 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 090304

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