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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(10): 100312    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac20cb
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Widely tunable single-photon source with high spectral-purity from telecom wavelength to mid-infrared wavelength based on MgO:PPLN

Chang-Wei Sun(孙昌伟)1, Yu Sun(孙宇)1, Jia-Chen Duan(端家晨)1, Guang-Tai Xue(薛广太)1, Yi-Chen Liu(刘奕辰)1, Liang-Liang Lu(陆亮亮)1,2, Qun-Yong Zhang(张群永)3, Yan-Xiao Gong(龚彦晓)1, Ping Xu(徐平)1,†, and Shi-Ning Zhu(祝世宁)1
1 National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and School of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Technology of Jiangsu Province, School of Physical Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
3 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223003, China
Abstract  By utilizing the extended phase-matching (EPM) method, we investigate the generation of single photons with high spectral-purity in a magnesium-doped periodically-poled lithium niobate (MgO:PPLN) crystal via the spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) process. By adjusting the temperature and pump wavelength, the wavelength of the single photons can be tuned from telecom to mid-infrared (MIR) wavelengths, for which the spectral-purity can be above 0.95 with high transmission filters. In experiments, we engineer a MgO:PPLN with poling period of 20.35 μ which emits the EPM photon pair centered at 1496.6 nm and 1644.0 nm and carry out the joint spectral intensity (JSI) and Glauber's second-order self-correlation measurements to characterize the spectral purity. The results are in good agreement with the numerical simulations. Our work may provide a valuable approach for the generation of spectrally pure single photons at a wide range of wavelengths which is competent for various photonic quantum technologies.
Keywords:  single photons      quantum technologies      periodically-poled lithium niobate  
Received:  10 August 2021      Revised:  18 August 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  25 August 2021
PACS:  03.67.-a (Quantum information)  
  03.67.Hk (Quantum communication)  
  42.50.Ex (Optical implementations of quantum information processing and transfer)  
  42.65.-k (Nonlinear optics)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2017YFA0303700 and 2019YFA0308700) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11627810 and 11690031).
Corresponding Authors:  Ping Xu     E-mail:  pingxu520@nju.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Chang-Wei Sun(孙昌伟), Yu Sun(孙宇), Jia-Chen Duan(端家晨), Guang-Tai Xue(薛广太), Yi-Chen Liu(刘奕辰), Liang-Liang Lu(陆亮亮), Qun-Yong Zhang(张群永), Yan-Xiao Gong(龚彦晓), Ping Xu(徐平), and Shi-Ning Zhu(祝世宁) Widely tunable single-photon source with high spectral-purity from telecom wavelength to mid-infrared wavelength based on MgO:PPLN 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 100312

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