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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(9): 098902    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac11d4
INTERDISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Prev   Next  

Experimental study on age and gender differences in microscopic movement characteristics of students

Jiayue Wang(王嘉悦)1,2,3,†, Maik Boltes4, Armin Seyfried4,5, Antoine Tordeux6, Jun Zhang(张俊)7, and Wenguo Weng(翁文国)8
1 Public Order School, People's Public Security University of China, Beijing 100038, China;
2 Center for Capital Social Safety, People's Public Security University of China, Beijing 100038, China;
3 Public Security Behavioral Science Laboratory, People's Public Security University of China, Beijing 100038, China;
4 Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich 52428, Germany;
5 Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal 42119, Germany;
6 School of Mechanical Engineering and Safety Engineering, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal 42119, Germany;
7 State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
8 Institute of Public Safety Research, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract  Campus security has aroused many concerns from the whole society. Stampede is one of the most frequent and influential accidents in campus. Studies on pedestrian dynamics especially focusing on students are essential for campus security, which are helpful to improve facility design and emergency evacuation strategy. In this paper, primary and middle school students were recruited to participate in the single-file experiments. The microscopic movement characteristics, including walking speed, headway, gait characteristics (step length, step frequency and swaying amplitude) and their relations were investigated. Age and gender differences in the headway-speed diagram and space requirements were analyzed by statistical tests. The results indicated that the impacts of age and gender were significant. There were three stages for the influence of gender on the headway-speed diagram for both age groups. The impacts on students' space requirements were consistent for different age and gender groups. But the impacts of age and gender on free-flow speed were affected by each other. Due to the connection of walking speed and gait characteristics, the comparisons of gait characteristics between different ages and genders were performed to understand the corresponding differences in speed more deeply. The results showed that differences in step length and swaying amplitude between males and females were significant for both age groups. The effect of gender on step frequency was significant for primary students. But for middle school students, whether gender had significant impact on step frequency was not clear here because of the large P-value. Besides, the influence of age on gait characteristics changed with gender.
Keywords:  campus security      microscopic movement characteristics      pedestrian dynamics      single-file movement experiments  
Received:  19 May 2021      Revised:  25 June 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  07 July 2021
PACS:  89.40.-a (Transportation)  
  05.50.+q (Lattice theory and statistics)  
  05.70.Fh (Phase transitions: general studies)  
  01.50.Pa (Laboratory experiments and apparatus)  
Fund: Project supported by the Social Science Foundation of Beijing (Grant No. 19GLC078) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. 2019JKF429).
Corresponding Authors:  Jiayue Wang     E-mail:  wangjiayue15@126.com

Cite this article: 

Jiayue Wang(王嘉悦), Maik Boltes, Armin Seyfried, Antoine Tordeux, Jun Zhang(张俊), and Wenguo Weng(翁文国) Experimental study on age and gender differences in microscopic movement characteristics of students 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 098902

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