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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(9): 097505    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac078b
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Two-dimensional magnetic materials and devices
SPECIAL TOPIC—Two-dimensional magnetic materials and devices Prev   Next  

Vertical WS2 spin valve with Ohmic property based on Fe3GeTe2 electrodes

Ce Hu(胡策)1,2, Faguang Yan(闫法光)1, Yucai Li(李予才)1,2, and Kaiyou Wang(王开友)1,2,3,†
1 State Key Laboratory of Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China;
2 Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Beijing Academy of Quantum Information Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
Abstract  The two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have been recently proposed as a promising class of materials for spintronic applications. Here, we report on the all-2D van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure spin valve device comprising of an exfoliated ultra-thin WS2 semiconductor acting as the spacer layer and two exfoliated ferromagnetic Fe3GeTe2 (FGT) metals acting as ferromagnetic electrodes. The metallic interface rather than Schottky barrier is formed despite the semiconducting nature of WS2, which could be originated from the strong interface hybridization. The spin valve effect persists up to the Curie temperature of FGT. Moreover, our metallic spin valve devices exhibit robust spin valve effect where the magnetoresistance magnitude does not vary with the applied bias in the measured range up to 50 μA due to the Ohmic property, which is a highly desirable feature for practical application that requires stable device performance. Our work reveals that WS2-based all-2D magnetic vdW heterostructure, facilitated by combining 2D magnets, is expected to be an attractive candidate for the TMDCs-based spintronic applications.
Keywords:  WS2      Fe3GeTe2      spin valve effect      Ohmic property  
Received:  25 February 2021      Revised:  22 March 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  03 June 2021
PACS:  75.70.Cn (Magnetic properties of interfaces (multilayers, superlattices, heterostructures))  
  85.75.Bb (Magnetic memory using giant magnetoresistance)  
  72.25.Mk (Spin transport through interfaces)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFA0303400), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61774144), Beijing Natural Science Foundation Key Program (Grant No. Z190007), and Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. QYZDY-SSW-JSC020, XDB44000000, and XDB28000000).
Corresponding Authors:  Kaiyou Wang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Ce Hu(胡策), Faguang Yan(闫法光), Yucai Li(李予才), and Kaiyou Wang(王开友) Vertical WS2 spin valve with Ohmic property based on Fe3GeTe2 electrodes 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 097505

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