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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(7): 070501    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abf553
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Applying a global pulse disturbance to eliminate spiral waves in models of cardiac muscle

Jian Gao(高见), Changgui Gu(顾长贵), and Huijie Yang(杨会杰)
Business School, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
Abstract  Removal of spiral waves in cardiac muscle is necessary because of their threat to life. Common methods for this removal are to apply a local disturbance to the media, such as a periodic forcing. However, most of these methods accelerate the beating of the cardiac muscle, resulting in the aggravation of the ventricular tachycardia, which directly threatens life. In the present study, in order to clear off spiral waves, a global pulse-disturbance is applied to the media based on three models of cardiac muscle. It is found that the spiral waves are eliminated and the frequency of the cardiac muscle is decreased in a short time, and finally, the state of the medium reaches the normal oscillation, which supports a target waves. Our method sheds light on the removal of spiral waves in cardiac muscle and can prevent the ventricular tachycardia as well as the ventricular fibrillation.
Keywords:  ventricular fibrillation      spiral wave      pattern formation      elimination  
Received:  02 February 2021      Revised:  25 March 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  07 April 2021
PACS:  05.45.Xt (Synchronization; coupled oscillators)  
  47.54.-r (Pattern selection; pattern formation)  
  82.40.Bj (Oscillations, chaos, and bifurcations)  
  89.75.-k (Complex systems)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11875042 and 11505114), and the Shanghai project for construction of top disciplines (Grant No. USST-SYS01).
Corresponding Authors:  Changgui Gu     E-mail:  gu_changgui@163.com

Cite this article: 

Jian Gao(高见), Changgui Gu(顾长贵), and Huijie Yang(杨会杰) Applying a global pulse disturbance to eliminate spiral waves in models of cardiac muscle 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 070501

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