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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(6): 067101    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abeee1

Anisotropic thermoelectric transport properties in polycrystalline SnSe2

Caiyun Li(李彩云), Wenke He(何文科), Dongyang Wang(王东洋), and Li-Dong Zhao(赵立东)
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
Abstract  It is reported that SnSe2 consisting of the same elements as SnSe, is a new promising thermoelectric material with advantageous layered structure. In this work, the thermoelectric performance of polycrystalline SnSe2 is improved through introducing SnSe phase and electron doping (Cl doped in Se sites). The anisotropic transport properties of SnSe2 are investigated. A great reduction of the thermal conductivity is achieved in SnSe2 through introducing SnSe phase, which mainly results from the strong SnSe2-SnSe inter-phase scattering. Then the carrier concentration is optimized via Cl doping, leading to a great enhancement of the electrical transport properties, thus an extraordinary power factor of ~5.12 μW·cm-1·K-2 is achieved along the direction parallel to the spark plasma sintering (SPS) pressure direction (||P). Through the comprehensive consideration on the anisotropic thermoelectric transport properties, an enhanced figure of merit ZT is attained and reaches to ~0.6 at 773 K in SnSe2-2% SnSe after 5% Cl doping along the||P direction, which is much higher than ~0.13 and ~0.09 obtained in SnSe2-2% SnSe and pristine SnSe2 samples, respectively.
Keywords:  thermoelectric      SnSe2      anisotropic structure      Cl-doping  
Received:  02 March 2021      Revised:  12 March 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  16 March 2021
PACS:  71.15.-m (Methods of electronic structure calculations)  
  72.15.Cz (Electrical and thermal conduction in amorphous and liquid metals and Alloys ?)  
  72.20.Pa (Thermoelectric and thermomagnetic effects)  
  72.80.Rj (Fullerenes and related materials)  
Fund: Project supported by the Beijing Natural Science Foundation, China (Grant No. JQ18004), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2018YFA0702100 and 2018YFB0703600), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51772012), Shenzhen Peacock Plan Team (Grant No. KQTD2016022619565991), and 111 Project (Grant No. B17002). This work was also supported by the National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents, China (Grant No. BX20200028) and the high performance computing (HPC) resources at Beihang University. L.D.Z. thanks for the support from the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant No. 51925101).
Corresponding Authors:  Li-Dong Zhao     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Caiyun Li(李彩云), Wenke He(何文科), Dongyang Wang(王东洋), and Li-Dong Zhao(赵立东) Anisotropic thermoelectric transport properties in polycrystalline SnSe2 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 067101

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