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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(6): 067803    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abdb1e

Effects of substitution of group-V atoms for carbon or silicon atoms on optical properties of silicon carbide nanotubes

Ying-Ying Yang(杨莹莹), Pei Gong(龚裴), Wan-Duo Ma(马婉铎), Rui Hao(郝锐), and Xiao-Yong Fang(房晓勇)
Key Laboratory for Microstructural Material Physics of Hebei Province, School of Science, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Abstract  Silicon carbide nanotubes (SiCNTs) have broad application prospects in the field of micro-nanodevices due to their excellent physical properties. Based on first-principles, the difference between optical properties of SiCNTs where C atom or Si atom is replaced by group-V element is studied. The results show that the optical absorptions of SiCNTs doped by different elements are significantly different in the band of 600 nm-1500 nm. The differences in photoconductivity, caused by different doping elements, are reflected mainly in the band above 620 nm, the difference in dielectric function and refractive index of SiCNTs are reflected mainly in the band above 500 nm. Further analysis shows that SiCNTs doped with different elements change their band structures, resulting in the differences among their optical properties. The calculation of formation energy shows that SiCNTs are more stable when group-V element replaces Si atom, except N atom. These research results will be beneficial to the applications of SiC nanomaterials in optoelectronic devices and provide a theoretical basis for selecting the SiCNTs' dopants.
Keywords:  silicon carbide nanotubes      group-V doped      optical properties      first-principles theory  
Received:  08 October 2020      Revised:  18 December 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  13 January 2021
PACS:  78.67.Ch (Nanotubes)  
  78.20.Ci (Optical constants (including refractive index, complex dielectric constant, absorption, reflection and transmission coefficients, emissivity))  
  71.55.-i (Impurity and defect levels)  
  71.15.Mb (Density functional theory, local density approximation, gradient and other corrections)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11574261 and 51132002) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. A2015203261).
Corresponding Authors:  Xiao-Yong Fang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Ying-Ying Yang(杨莹莹), Pei Gong(龚裴), Wan-Duo Ma(马婉铎), Rui Hao(郝锐), and Xiao-Yong Fang(房晓勇) Effects of substitution of group-V atoms for carbon or silicon atoms on optical properties of silicon carbide nanotubes 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 067803

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