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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(2): 020305    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abd76f
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Quantum computation and quantum simulation
TOPICAL REVIEW—Quantum computation and quantum simulation Prev   Next  

A concise review of Rydberg atom based quantum computation and quantum simulation

Xiaoling Wu(吴晓凌)1, Xinhui Liang(梁昕晖)1, Yaoqi Tian(田曜齐)2,3, Fan Yang(杨帆)1,†, Cheng Chen(陈丞)1, Yong-Chun Liu(刘永椿)1,4, Meng Khoon Tey(郑盟锟)1,4, and Li You(尤力)1,4,5,
1 State Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Quantum Physics, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 CAS Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; 4 Frontier Science Center for Quantum Information, Beijing 100084, China; 5 Beijing Academy of Quantum Information Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
Abstract  Quantum information processing based on Rydberg atoms emerged as a promising direction two decades ago. Recent experimental and theoretical progresses have shined exciting light on this avenue. In this concise review, we will briefly introduce the basics of Rydberg atoms and their recent applications in associated areas of neutral atom quantum computation and simulation. We shall also include related discussions on quantum optics with Rydberg atomic ensembles, which are increasingly used to explore quantum computation and quantum simulation with photons.
Keywords:  quantum computation      quantum simulation      Rydberg atom      quantum nonlinear optics  
Received:  08 November 2020      Revised:  18 December 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  30 December 2020
PACS:  03.67.Lx (Quantum computation architectures and implementations)  
  45.50.Jf (Few- and many-body systems ?)  
  32.80.Ee (Rydberg states)  
  42.50.-p (Quantum optics)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant Nos. 2018YFA0306504 and 2018YFA0306503), the Key-Area Research and Development Program of GuangDong Province, China (Grant No. 2019B030330001), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91636213, 11654001, 91736311, 91836302, and U1930201). L.Y. also acknowledges support from Beijing Academy of Quantum Information Sciences (BAQIS) Research Program (Grant No. Y18G24).
Corresponding Authors:  Corresponding author. E-mail: fanyangphys@gmail.com Corresponding author. E-mail: lyou@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn   

Cite this article: 

Xiaoling Wu(吴晓凌), Xinhui Liang(梁昕晖), Yaoqi Tian(田曜齐), Fan Yang(杨帆), Cheng Chen(陈丞), Yong-Chun Liu(刘永椿), Meng Khoon Tey(郑盟锟), and Li You(尤力) A concise review of Rydberg atom based quantum computation and quantum simulation 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 020305

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