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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(2): 024211    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abd6fc

Efficient manipulation of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces and further applications of such metasurfaces

Yunping Qi(祁云平)1,† Baohe Zhang(张宝和)1, Jinghui Ding(丁京徽)1, Ting Zhang(张婷)1, Xiangxian Wang(王向贤)2, and Zao Yi(易早)3
1 College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China; 2 School of Science, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China; 3 Joint Laboratory for Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621900, China
Abstract  Benefiting from the unprecedented superiority of coding metasurfaces at manipulating electromagnetic waves in the microwave band, in this paper, we use the Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) phase concept to propose a high-efficiency reflective-type coding metasurface that can arbitrarily manipulate the scattering pattern of terahertz waves and implement many novel functionalities. By optimizing the coding sequences, we demonstrate that the designed 1-, 2-, and 3-bit coding metasurfaces with specific coding sequences have the strong ability to control reflected terahertz waves. The two proposed 1-bit coding metasurfaces demonstrate that the reflected terahertz beam can be redirected and arbitrarily controlled. For normally incident x-and y-polarized waves, a 10 dB radar cross-section (RCS) reduction can be achieved from 2.1 THz to 5.2 THz using the designed 2-bit coding metasurface. Moreover, two kinds of orbital angular momentum (OAM) vortex beams with different moduli are generated by a coding metasurface using different coding sequences. Our research provides a new degree of freedom for the sophisticated manipulation of terahertz waves, and contributes to the development of metasurfaces towards practical applications.
Keywords:  coding metasurface      Pancharatnam-Berry phase      multiple beams      radar cross-section (RCS) reduction      orbital angular momentum  
Received:  16 October 2020      Revised:  17 December 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  28 December 2020
PACS:  42.68.Mj (Scattering, polarization)  
  81.05.Xj (Metamaterials for chiral, bianisotropic and other complex media)  
  42.25.Ja (Polarization)  
  78.67.Pt (Multilayers; superlattices; photonic structures; metamaterials)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61865008), Northwest Normal University Young Teachers' Scientific Research Capability Upgrading Program (Grant No. NWNU-LKQN2020-11), and the Scientific Research Fund of Sichuan Provincial Science and Technology Department, China (Grant No. 2020YJ0137).
Corresponding Authors:  Corresponding author. E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

Yunping Qi(祁云平) Baohe Zhang(张宝和), Jinghui Ding(丁京徽), Ting Zhang(张婷), Xiangxian Wang(王向贤), and Zao Yi(易早) Efficient manipulation of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces and further applications of such metasurfaces 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 024211

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