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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(4): 046801    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abd396
CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Super-strong interactions between multivalent anions and graphene

Xing Liu(刘星)1 and Guosheng Shi(石国升)1,2,†
1 Shanghai Applied Radiation Institute, State Key Laboratory Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China; 2 Division of Interfacial Water and Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Abstract  Based on the density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we showed that the interactions between different valence anions (PO43-, CH3PO42-, (CH3)2PO4-) and graphene significantly increased as the valence of anion increased from negative monovalence to negative trivalence. The adsorption energy of (CH3)2PO4- on the electron-rich graphene flake (C84H24) is -8.3 kcal/mol. The adsorption energy of CH3PO42- on the electron-rich graphene flake (C84H24) is -48.0 kcal/mol, which is about six times that of (CH3)2PO4- adsorption on electron-rich graphene flake (C84H24) and is even much larger than that of CO32- adsorption on electron-deficient aromatic ring C6F6 (-28.4 kcal/mol). The adsorption energy of PO43- on the electron-rich graphene flake (C84H24) is -159.2 kcal/mol, which is about 20 times that of (CH3)2PO4- adsorption on the graphene flake (C84H24). The super-strong adsorption energy is mainly attributed to the orbital interactions between multivalent anions and graphene. This work provides new insights for understanding the interaction between multivalent anions and π -electron-rich carbon-based nanomaterials and is helpful for the design of graphene-based DNA biosensor.
Keywords:  graphene      multivalent anions      anion-π interaction      density functional theory  
Received:  19 October 2020      Revised:  19 November 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  15 December 2020
PACS:  81.05.ue (Graphene)  
  68.43.-h (Chemisorption/physisorption: adsorbates on surfaces)  
  31.15.E (Density-functional theory)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China for Outstanding Young Scholars (Grant No. 11722548), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2019M651462), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1932123), the Innovative Research Team of High-Level Local Universities in Shanghai, the Open Project of State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ferrometallurgy and the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (Gant No. 19DZ2270200), the Deepcomp7000 and ScGrid of Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Special Program for Applied Research on Super Computation of the NSFC-Guangdong Joint Fund (second phase), the Shanghai Supercomputer Center of China, the High Performance Computing Platform of Shanghai University.
Corresponding Authors:  Corresponding author. E-mail: gsshi@shu.edu.cn   

Cite this article: 

Xing Liu(刘星) and Guosheng Shi(石国升) Super-strong interactions between multivalent anions and graphene 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 046801

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