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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(1): 014210    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abcf33
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Ultracold atom and its application in precision measurement
TOPICAL REVIEW—Ultracold atom and its application in precision measurement Prev   Next  

Improve the performance of interferometer with ultra-cold atoms

Xiangyu Dong(董翔宇), Shengjie Jin(金圣杰), Hongmian Shui(税鸿冕), Peng Peng(彭鹏), and Xiaoji Zhou(周小计)†
Abstract  Ultra-cold atoms provide ideal platforms for interferometry. The macroscopic matter-wave property of ultra-cold atoms leads to large coherent length and long coherent time, which enable high accuracy and sensitivity to measurement. Here, we review our efforts to improve the performance of the interferometer. We demonstrate a shortcut method for manipulating ultra-cold atoms in an optical lattice. Compared with traditional ones, this shortcut method can reduce the manipulation time by up to three orders of magnitude. We construct a matter-wave Ramsey interferometer for trapped motional quantum states and significantly increase its coherence time by one order of magnitude with an echo technique based on this method. Efforts have also been made to enhance the resolution by multimode scheme. Application of a noise-resilient multi-component interferometer shows that increasing the number of paths could sharpen the peaks in the time-domain interference fringes, which leads to a resolution nearly twice compared with that of a conventional double-path two-mode interferometer. With the shortcut method mentioned above, improvement of the momentum resolution could also be fulfilled, which leads to atomic momentum patterns less than 0.6 \(\hbar k_L\). To identify and remove systematic noises, we introduce the methods based on the principal component analysis (PCA) that reduce the noise in detection close to the \(1/\sqrt2\) of the photon-shot noise and separate and identify or even eliminate noises. Furthermore, we give a proposal to measure precisely the local gravity acceleration within a few centimeters based on our study of ultracold atoms in precision measurements.
Keywords:  precision measurement      ultra-cold atoms      atom interferometer      gravity measurements  
Received:  10 June 2020      Revised:  28 October 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  01 December 2020
PACS:  42.50.Dv (Quantum state engineering and measurements)  
  67.10.Ba (Boson degeneracy)  
  07.60.Ly (Interferometers)  
  91.10.Pp (Geodetic techniques; gravimetric measurements and instruments)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0301501), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61727819, 11934002, 91736208, and 11920101004), and the Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2020TQ0017).
Corresponding Authors:  Corresponding author. E-mail: xjzhou@pku.edu.cn   

Cite this article: 

Xiangyu Dong(董翔宇), Shengjie Jin(金圣杰), Hongmian Shui(税鸿冕), Peng Peng(彭鹏), and Xiaoji Zhou(周小计) Improve the performance of interferometer with ultra-cold atoms 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 014210

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