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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(8): 087802    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab9291

Effects of built-in electric field and donor impurity on linear and nonlinear optical properties of wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN nanostructures

Xiao-Chen Yang(杨晓晨), Yan Xing(邢雁)
School of Physical Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
Abstract  The linear and nonlinear optical absorption coefficients (ACs) and refraction index changes (RICs) of 1s-1p, 1p-1d, and 1f-1d transitions are investigated in a wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN core-shell quantum dot (CSQD) with donor impurity by using density matrix approach. The effects of built-in electric field (BEF), ternary mixed crystal (TMC), impurity, and CSQD size are studied in detail. The finite element method is used to calculate the ground and excited energy state energy and wave function. The results reveal that the BEF has a great influence on the linear, nonlinear, and total ACs and RICs. The presence of impurity leads the resonant peaks of the ACs and RICs to be blue-shifted for all transitions, especially for 1s-1p transition. It is also found that the resonant peaks of the ACs and RICs present a red shift with In-composition decreasing or core radius increasing. Moreover, the amplitudes of the ACs and RICs are strongly affected by the incident optical intensity. The absorption saturation is more sensitive without the impurity than with the impurity, and the appearance of absorption saturation requires a larger incident optical intensity when considering the BEF.
Keywords:  core-shell quantum dot      linear and nonlinear optical properties      impurity      ternary mixed crystal  
Received:  08 March 2020      Revised:  04 May 2020      Published:  05 August 2020
PACS:  78.67.Hc (Quantum dots)  
  78.20.Ci (Optical constants (including refractive index, complex dielectric constant, absorption, reflection and transmission coefficients, emissivity))  
  42.65.-k (Nonlinear optics)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11947414) and the Research Program of Science and Technology at University of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China (Grant No. NJZZ19001).
Corresponding Authors:  Yan Xing     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Xiao-Chen Yang(杨晓晨), Yan Xing(邢雁) Effects of built-in electric field and donor impurity on linear and nonlinear optical properties of wurtzite InxGa1-xN/GaN nanostructures 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 087802

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