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Chin. Phys. B, 2019, Vol. 28(8): 084203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/8/084203
ELECTROMAGNETISM, OPTICS, ACOUSTICS, HEAT TRANSFER, CLASSICAL MECHANICS, AND FLUID DYNAMICS Prev   Next  

Phase retrieval algorithm for optical information security

Shi-Qing Wang(王诗晴), Xiang-Feng Meng(孟祥锋), Yu-Rong Wang(王玉荣), Yong-Kai Yin(殷永凯), Xiu-Lun Yang(杨修伦)
Department of Optics, School of Information Science and Engineering, and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laser Technology and Application, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China
Abstract  As a typical technology for optical encryption, phase retrieval algorithms have been widely used in optical information encryption and authentication systems. This paper presents three applications of two-dimensional (2D) phase retrieval for optical encryption and authentication:first, a hierarchical image encryption system, by which multiple images can be hidden into cascaded multiple phase masks; second, a multilevel image authentication system, which combines (t, n) threshold secret sharing (both t and n are positive integers, and tn) and phase retrieval, and provides both high-level and low-level authentication; and finally, a hierarchical multilevel authentication system that combines the secret sharing scheme based on basic vector operations and the phase retrieval, by which more certification images can be encoded into multiple cascaded phase masks of different hierarchical levels. These three phase retrieval algorithms can effectively illustrate phase-retrieval-based optical information security. The principles and features of each phase-retrieval-based optical security method are analyzed and discussed. It is hoped that this review will illustrate the current development of phase retrieval algorithms for optical information security and will also shed light on the future development of phase retrieval algorithms for optical information security.
Keywords:  phase retrieval algorithm      authentication system      image encryption  
Received:  09 March 2019      Revised:  16 May 2019      Published:  05 August 2019
PACS:  42.30.Rx (Phase retrieval)  
  42.30.Va (Image forming and processing)  
  42.30.Wb (Image reconstruction; tomography)  
  42.30.Kq (Fourier optics)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61775121, 61605165, 61307003, 61405122, and 11574311), the Key Research and Development Program of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. 2018GGX101002), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. ZR2019QF006), and the Fundamental Research Funds of Shandong University, China (Grant No. 2015GN031).
Corresponding Authors:  Xiu-Lun Yang     E-mail:  xlyang@sdu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Shi-Qing Wang(王诗晴), Xiang-Feng Meng(孟祥锋), Yu-Rong Wang(王玉荣), Yong-Kai Yin(殷永凯), Xiu-Lun Yang(杨修伦) Phase retrieval algorithm for optical information security 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 084203

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