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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(9): 094216    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/9/094216
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Nanophotonics
TOPICAL REVIEW—Nanophotonics Prev   Next  

Surface plasmon polariton waveguides with subwavelength confinement

Longkun Yang(杨龙坤)1, Pan Li(李盼)1, Hancong Wang(汪涵聪)2, Zhipeng Li(李志鹏)1
1 The Beijing Key Laboratory for Nano-Photonics and Nano-Structure(NPNS), Center for Condensed Matter Physics, Department of Physics, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
2 The Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Automotive Electronics and Electric Drive, School of Information Science and Engineering, Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350108, China

Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are evanescent waves propagating along metal-dielectric interfaces, which provide an effective way to realize optical wave guiding with subwavelength confinement. Metallic nanostructures supporting SPPs, that is, plasmonic waveguides, are considered as required components to construct nanophotonic devices and circuits with a high degree of miniaturization and integration. In this paper, various types of plasmonic waveguides operating in the visible, infrared, and terahertz regions are reviewed, and the status of the research on their fundamentals, fabrications, and applications is provided as well. First, we discuss the mechanisms of SPPs beyond the diffraction limit, and their launching methods. Then, the characteristics of SPPs on various plasmonic waveguides are reviewed, including top-down and bottom-up fabricated types. Considering applications, certain prototypes of plasmonic devices and circuits constructed by plasmonic waveguides for bio/chemo sensing, router, and light modulation are demonstrated. Finally, a summary and future outlook of plasmonic waveguides are given.

Keywords:  waveguides      surface plasmon polaritons      dispersion relations      nanowires  
Received:  22 May 2018      Revised:  28 August 2018      Published:  05 September 2018
PACS:  42.79.Gn (Optical waveguides and couplers)  
  73.20.Mf (Collective excitations (including excitons, polarons, plasmons and other charge-density excitations))  
  11.55.Fv (Dispersion relations)  
  78.67.Uh (Nanowires)  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11704266 and 11774245), the Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation, China (Grant No. 151010), the Scientific Research Base Development Program of Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, China, the General Foundation of Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, China (Grant No. KM201810028006), and the Training Program of the Major Research Plan of Capital Normal University, China.

Corresponding Authors:  Zhipeng Li     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Longkun Yang(杨龙坤), Pan Li(李盼), Hancong Wang(汪涵聪), Zhipeng Li(李志鹏) Surface plasmon polariton waveguides with subwavelength confinement 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 094216

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