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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(3): 034202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/3/034202
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — 2D materials: physics and device applications
TOPICAL REVIEW—2D materials: physics and device applications Prev   Next  

Two-dimensional materials for ultrafast lasers

Fengqiu Wang(王枫秋)
School of Electronic Science and Engineering and Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Abstract  

As the fundamental optical properties and novel photophysics of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) crystals are being extensively investigated and revealed, a range of potential applications in optical and optoelectronic devices have been proposed and demonstrated. Of the many possibilities, the use of 2D materials as broadband, cost-effective and versatile ultrafast optical switches (or saturable absorbers) for short-pulsed lasers constitutes a rapidly developing field with not only a good number of publications, but also a promising prospect for commercial exploitation. This review primarily focuses on the recent development of pulsed lasers based on several representative 2D materials. The comparative advantages of these materials are discussed, and challenges to practical exploitation, which represent good future directions of research, are laid out.

Keywords:  ultrafast lasers      mode-locking      Q-switching      graphene      transition metal dichalcogenides      black phosphorus      topological insulators  
Received:  17 October 2016      Revised:  04 November 2016      Published:  05 March 2017
PACS:  42.65.-k (Nonlinear optics)  
  78.47.J- (Ultrafast spectroscopy (<1 psec))  
  42.65.Re (Ultrafast processes; optical pulse generation and pulse compression)  
  78.67.Wj (Optical properties of graphene)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61378025 and 61427812), the Shuangchuang Team Program of Jiangsu Province, China, the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2014CB921101), and the State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems Networks, China.

Corresponding Authors:  Fengqiu Wang     E-mail:  fwang@nju.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Fengqiu Wang(王枫秋) Two-dimensional materials for ultrafast lasers 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 034202

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