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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(9): 097301    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/9/097301
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Different optical properties in different periodic slot cavity geometrical morphologies

Jing Zhou(周静), Meng Shen(沈萌), Lan Du(杜澜), Caisong Deng(邓彩松), Haibin Ni(倪海彬), Ming Wang(王鸣)
Key Laboratory on Opto-Electronic Technology of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
Abstract  In this paper, optical properties of two-dimensional periodic annular slot cavity arrays in hexagonal close-packing on a silica substrate are theoretically characterized by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation method. By simulating reflectance spectra, electric field distribution, and charge distribution, we confirm that multiple cylindrical surface plasmon resonances can be excited in annular inclined slot cavities by linearly polarized light, in which the four reflectance dips are attributed to Fabry-Perot cavity resonances in the coaxial cavity. A coaxial waveguide mode TE11 will exist in these annular cavities, and the wavelengths of these reflectance dips are effectively tailored by changing the geometrical pattern of slot cavity and the dielectric materials filled in the cavities. These resonant wavelengths are localized in annular cavities with large electric field enhancement and dissipate gradually due to metal loss. The formation of an absorption peak can be explained from the aspect of phase matching conditions. We observed that the proposed structure can be tuned over the broad spectral range of 600-4000 nm by changing the outer and inner radii of the annular gaps, gap surface topography. Meanwhile, different lengths of the cavity may cause the shift of resonance dips. Also, we study the field enhancement at different vertical locations of the slit. In addition, dielectric materials filling in the annular gaps will result in a shift of the resonance wavelengths, which make the annular cavities good candidates for refractive index sensors. The refractive index sensitivity of annular cavities can also be tuned by the geometry size and the media around the cavity. Annular cavities with novel applications can be implied as surface enhanced Raman spectra substrates, refractive index sensors, nano-lasers, and optical trappers.
Keywords:  cylindrical surface plasmons      finite difference time domain      Fabry-Perot cavity resonances      two-dimensional periodical structure  
Received:  18 January 2016      Revised:  16 May 2016      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  73.20.Mf (Collective excitations (including excitons, polarons, plasmons and other charge-density excitations))  
  78.67.-n (Optical properties of low-dimensional, mesoscopic, and nanoscale materials and structures)  
  61.46.-w (Structure of nanoscale materials)  
  78.68.+m (Optical properties of surfaces)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61178044), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. BK20160969), and the University Postgraduate Research and Innovation Project of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. KYLX_0723).
Corresponding Authors:  Ming Wang     E-mail:  wangming@njnu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Jing Zhou(周静), Meng Shen(沈萌), Lan Du(杜澜), Caisong Deng(邓彩松), Haibin Ni(倪海彬), Ming Wang(王鸣) Different optical properties in different periodic slot cavity geometrical morphologies 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 097301

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