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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(11): 110305    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/11/110305
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Cryptanalysis of quantum broadcast communication and authentication protocol with a one-time pad

Ya Cao(曹雅)1,2, Fei Gao(高飞)1
1 State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China;
2 State Key Laboratory of Cryptology, Beijing 100878, China
Abstract  

Chang et al. [Chin. Phys. B 23 010305 (2014)] have proposed a quantum broadcast communication and authentication protocol. However, we find that an intercept-resend attack can be preformed successfully by a potential eavesdropper, who will be able to destroy the authentication function. Afterwards, he or she can acquire the secret transmitted message or even modify it while escaping detection, by implementing an efficient man-in-the-middle attack. Furthermore, we show a simple scheme to defend this attack, that is, applying non-reusable identity strings.

Keywords:  quantum broadcast communication      quantum secure direct communication      Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger(GHZ) state      authentication  
Received:  23 May 2016      Revised:  07 July 2016      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  03.67.Dd (Quantum cryptography and communication security)  
  03.67.Hk (Quantum communication)  
  03.67.-a (Quantum information)  
  03.65.Ud (Entanglement and quantum nonlocality)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61272057 and 61170270).

Corresponding Authors:  Fei Gao     E-mail:  caoshinee@126.com

Cite this article: 

Ya Cao(曹雅), Fei Gao(高飞) Cryptanalysis of quantum broadcast communication and authentication protocol with a one-time pad 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 110305

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