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Chin. Phys. B, 2011, Vol. 20(10): 100309    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/20/10/100309
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A two-step quantum secure direct communication protocol with hyperentanglement

Gu Bina, Zhang Cheng-Yia, Huang Yu-Gaib, Fang Xiab
a College of Mathematics and Physics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; The Photonic Technology Laboratory, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; b Jiangsu Institute of Education, Nanjing 210013, China
Abstract  We propose a two-step quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) protocol with hyperentanglement in both the spatial-mode and the polarization degrees of freedom of photon pairs which can in principle be produced with a beta barium borate crystal. The secret message can be encoded on the photon pairs with unitary operations in these two degrees of freedom independently. This QSDC protocol has a higher capacity than the original two-step QSDC protocol as each photon pair can carry 4 bits of information. Compared with the QSDC protocol based on hyperdense coding, this QSDC protocol has the immunity to Trojan horse attack strategies with the process for determining the number of the photons in each quantum signal as it is a one-way quantum communication protocol.
Keywords:  two-step      hyperentanglement      high capacity      quantum secure direct communication  
Received:  26 April 2011      Revised:  20 May 2011      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  03.67.Hk (Quantum communication)  
  03.67.Dd (Quantum cryptography and communication security)  
Fund: Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Provincial Universities, China (Grant No. 10KJB180004).

Cite this article: 

Gu Bin, Huang Yu-Gai, Fang Xia, Zhang Cheng-Yi A two-step quantum secure direct communication protocol with hyperentanglement 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 100309

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