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Chin. Phys. B, 2010, Vol. 19(8): 088105    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/19/8/088105

Electrical resistance response of polyaniline films to water, ethanol, and nitric acid solution

Yin Hong-Xing, Li Meng-Meng, Yang He, Long Yun-Ze, Sun Xin
College of Physics Science, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract  This paper reports on electrical resistance vs. aging time for the response of polyaniline films under exposure to water, ethanol and nitric acid (HNO3) solution. Camphor sulfonic acid-doped polyaniline films were prepared by a "doping-dedoping-redoping" method, the morphology and microstructures of the films were characterized by a scanning electron microscope and an x-ray diffractometer, the electrical resistance was measured by a four-probe method. It was found that a lower amount of water molecules infiltrating the film can decrease the film's resistance possibly due to an enhancement of charge carrier transfer between polyaniline chains, whereas excessive water molecules can swell inter-chain distances and result in a quick increase of resistance. The resistance of the film under exposure to ethanol increases and becomes much larger than the original value. However, HNO3 solution can decrease the film's resistance sharply possibly owing to doping effect of protonic acid. These results can help to understand the conduction mechanism in polyaniline films, and also indicate that the films have potential application in chemical sensors.
Keywords:  polyaniline films      conducting polymers      conductivity     
Received:  03 November 2009      Published:  15 August 2010
PACS:  73.61.Ph (Polymers; organic compounds)  
  61.41.+e (Polymers, elastomers, and plastics)  
  61.72.S- (Impurities in crystals)  
  68.55.-a (Thin film structure and morphology)  
  81.05.Lg (Polymers and plastics; rubber; synthetic and natural fibers; organometallic and organic materials)  
Fund: Project supported by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of China (Grant No. NCET-07-0472) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 10604038 and 10910101081).

Cite this article: 

Yin Hong-Xing, Li Meng-Meng, Yang He, Long Yun-Ze, Sun Xin Electrical resistance response of polyaniline films to water, ethanol, and nitric acid solution 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 088105

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