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Chin. Phys. B, 2008, Vol. 17(11): 4142-4148    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/17/11/030
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The analysis of the integral gated mode single photon detector

Wei Zheng-Jun (魏正军), Li Kai-Zhen (李开振), Zhou Peng (周  鹏), Wang Jin-Dong (王金东), Liao Chang-Jun (廖常俊), Guo Jian-Ping (郭健平), Liang Rui-Sheng (梁瑞生), Liu Song-Hao (刘颂豪)
Laboratory of Photonic Information Technology, School for Information and Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
Abstract  This paper critically analyses and simulates the circuit configuration of the integral gated mode single photon detector which is proposed for eliminating the transient spikes problem of conventional gated mode single photon detector. The relationship between the values of the circuit elements and the effect of transient spikes cancellation has been obtained. With particular emphasis, the bias voltage of the avalanche photodiode and the output signal voltage of the integrator have been calculated. The obtained analysis results indicate that the output signal voltage of the integrator only relates to the total quantity of electricity of the avalanche charges by choosing the correct values of the circuit elements and integral time interval. These results can be used to optimize the performance of single photon detectors and provide guides for the design of single photon detectors.
Keywords:  single photon detector      quantum cryptography      integrator      gated mode  
Received:  24 February 2008      Revised:  16 March 2008      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  85.60.Gz (Photodetectors (including infrared and CCD detectors))  
  03.67.Dd (Quantum cryptography and communication security)  
  85.60.Bt (Optoelectronic device characterization, design, and modeling)  
  85.60.Dw (Photodiodes; phototransistors; photoresistors)  
Fund: Project supported by the State Key Development Program for Basic Research of China (Grant No 2007CB307001), Guangdong Key Technologies R$\&$D Program (Grant No 2007B010400009), and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No 2001CB309302).

Cite this article: 

Wei Zheng-Jun (魏正军), Li Kai-Zhen (李开振), Zhou Peng (周 鹏), Wang Jin-Dong (王金东), Liao Chang-Jun (廖常俊), Guo Jian-Ping (郭健平), Liang Rui-Sheng (梁瑞生), Liu Song-Hao (刘颂豪) The analysis of the integral gated mode single photon detector 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 4142

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