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Chin. Phys., 2003, Vol. 12(12): 1423-1428    DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/12/12/015

Study of the stability of polarization mode dispersion in fibre

Shum Pinga, Fu Song-Nianb, Dong Huib, Wu Chong-Qingc, Liu Hai-Taoc
a School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; b School of Electronic and Engineering Information, Northern Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China; c School of Science, Northern Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
Abstract  Polarization mode dispersion (PMD) is the ultimate limitation to high bit-rate fibre communication system. The stability of PMD is very important to its measurement and compensation. This paper puts forward a method to measure the stability of PMD by measuring the stability of the state of polarization (SOP) and introduces the conception of time evolution vector (TEV) of SOP. We observe the fact that the regularity of the principal state of polarization changing with time is the same as other SOPs', if we neglect the dependence of TEV on wavelength. We also measure the SOP's stability of some fibres with different lengths, and obtain results of PMD changing with time.
Keywords:  stability      time evolution vector      state of polarization      polarization mode dispersion  
Received:  13 May 2003      Revised:  01 July 2003      Published:  16 March 2005
PACS:  42.81.Dp (Propagation, scattering, and losses; solitons)  
  42.81.Gs (Birefringence, polarization)  
  42.79.Sz (Optical communication systems, multiplexers, and demultiplexers?)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No 60272010) and Natural Science Foundation of Beijing (Grant No 4002009).

Cite this article: 

Shum Ping, Fu Song-Nian, Dong Hui, Wu Chong-Qing, Liu Hai-Tao Study of the stability of polarization mode dispersion in fibre 2003 Chin. Phys. 12 1423

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