The influence of the dimension of seed crystal on the characteristics of crystal growth from solution under microgravity is studied. The dimensionless average velocity of fluid V_{av}, the dimensionless maximum velocity of fluid V_{max}, the temperature distribution index S_{θ}, the concentration distribution index S_{φ} and the dimensionless average growth rate of crystal \overline{V}_{cg} are calculated by only taking into account the variation of the solution density caused by the temperature change, that caused by the concentration change being neglected. In certain regions of the parameter (Ra, Pr,Sc and μ) space, some scaling laws are generated: the scales of S_{φ} and \overline{V}_{cg} are given by power functions of μ with negative exponents. It is shown that the characteristics of crystal growth for small seed crystal are different from those for large seed crystal.

Based on the linear quantum transformation theory, we further propose a supersymmetric unitary transformation, whose operator can be constructed by the supersymmetric generators of Lie superalgebra. Therefore, by making use of the supersymmetric unitary transformation, we can obtain the eigenspectrum, the eigenstates and the super-partition function for the Super-Jaynes-Cummings model when the coupling constants are Grrassmann valued.

A new space time metric is derived from Kerr metric if its mass and location approach to infinite in an appropriate way. The new space-time is an infinitesimal neighborhood nearby one of the two horizon poles of an infinite Kerr black hole. In other words, it is the second order infinitesimal neighborhood nearby one of the two horizon poles of a Kerr black hole. It is flat and has event horizon and infinite red shift surface. We prove that it is a rotating Rindler space time with constant angular velocity.

We propose a method that allows one to control spatiotemporal chaos by applying pulses proportional to the system variables and compressing the phase space of strange attractor in nonlinear system. The method is illustrated by the coupled map lattices at different strengths of coupling. Various numerical results are given. The advantage of this method is that it does not need to know any previous knowledge of the system dynamics.

General synchronization of the chaotic intensity fluctuations of two spatially coupled Nd:YAG lasers with pump modulation is investigated theoretically when the losses of the two lasers are different. It is shown that the chaotic synchronization still exists for medium coupling even though the two lasers are different. For strong coupling the system shows periodic motion of laser intensities. While for weak coupling, the two lasers oscillate independently. It is obvious that the increase of difference between the two lasers reduces the degree of chaotic synchronization.

We propose a dark gravito-optical dipole trap, for alkali atoms, consisting of a blue-detuned, pyramidal-hollow laser beam propagating upward and the gravity field. When cold atoms from a magneto-optical trap are loaded into the pyramidal-hollow beam and bounce inside the pyramidal-hollow beam, they experience efficient Sisyphus cooling and geometric cooling induced by the pyramidal-hollow beam and the weak repumping beam propagating downward. Our study shows that an ultracold and dense atomic sample with an equilibrium 3D momentum of ～3 \hbar k and an atomic density above the point of Bose-Einstein condensation may be obtained in this pure optical trap.

The above-threshold ionization (ATI) spectra of H-atom in intense laser fields (laser intensity I is up to 10^{18}W/cm^{2}) are calculated. It is found that the kinetic energy of the ejected electron at the location of the peak of the ATI spectra is about equal to the corresponding ponderomotive potential of the applied laser fields. This result is consistent with that obtained by Wilks et al. and fits the experimental results of the super thermal electron. A possible new mechanism of the super thermal electron generation is proposed.

This paper reports a new phenomenon, namely, flake structure in the speckle field produced by a few scatterers. This structure appears in the off-axis region and its size is much larger than that of the normal speckles. The one-dimensional simulations show that as the roughness of the random surface sample increases or its lateral correlation length decreases, the flakes go farther away from the axis, their relative intensities increase, their sizes become bigger and the fluctuations in them decrease. A sub-scatterer model that we call isoclinic element is proposed to explain the formation and properties of flakes. Experimental evidence shows the existence of the flake structure.

The TM mode size, effective refractive index, effective pump area and coupling efficiency between pump and laser modes as function of Ti-stripe initial width W, diffusion temperature T and Ti-stripe initial thickness H in c-cut Ti-diffused Nd:LiNbO_{3} waveguide laser have been theoretically investigated using variational method. The main features of the mode sizes in terms of these diffusion parameters were collected and compared with the published experimental results, a qualitative agreement has been obtained. The effective pump area, being proportional to threshold pump power, reveals weak dependences on both W and H in the considered respective ranges 4-16 μm and 40-160 nm, and a strong dependence on T(950-1100℃); while the coupling efficiency relative to slope efficiency hardly changes (with values 0.82-0.85) with these parameters.

CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES

The multiple cluster growth of ultra-thin films with different deposition rate and different substrate temperature has been studied by kinetic Monte-Carlo simulation. With increasing diffusion rate along cluster edges (corresponding to an increasing substrate temperature), pattern structures change smoothly from fractal islands, compact islands with random shapes, to regular islands, and the average branch width of clusters increases continuously up to some constant value in the compact island limit. The formation of the multiple fractal and compact clusters can be described quantitatively by multifractal. The results of multifractal analysis show that with pattern change from fractal to compact islands, the Hausdorff dimension D_{0}, the information dimension D_{1}, and the correlation dimension D_{2} decrease, while the width and height of the multifractal spectra increase.

CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

First- and second-order Raman spectra of carbon nanotubes produced in helium and argon atmospheres at a pressure ranging from 11 to 92 kPa by arc discharge have been measured and compared with each other. The position and bandwidth of the spectral lines depend on the kind of inert gases and their pressure. The Raman spectra of the nanotubes produced in argon gas atmosphere are much more similar to that of polycrystalline graphite than those of the nanotubes produced in helium gas atmosphere. The position and bandwidth of nanotube Raman peaks change with gas pressure in arc discharge because different diameter distribution of nanotubes is produced at different inert gas pressure. The Raman spectra of nanotubes produced at high pressure is much more like that of graphite than those produced in lower pressure

This paper reports researches about the indirect up-conversion sensitization luminescence of Tm(0.1)Yb(10.9): oxyfluoride vitroceramics(TmYb:FOV) induced by 800nm diode laser. From the initial comparison research of indirect up-conversion sensitization luminescence between TmYb:FOV and Tm(0.1)Yb(10.9): oxyfluoride glass (TmYb:FOG), it is found that the up-conversion luminescence intensity of TmYb:FOV is much higher than that of TmYb:FOG. It is shown that this is an effective method to e5nhance up-conversion efficiency. It is found also that the fluorescence branch ratio and the meticulous structures are different between vitroceramics and glass. This disparity comes from cluster effect resulting from micro crystallization of the material.

We have investigated the temperature dependence of the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of self-organized InAs/GaAs quantum dots. A distinctive double-peak feature of the PL spectra from quantum dots has been observed, and a bimodal distribution of dot sizes has also been confirmed by scanning tunneling microscopy image for uncapped sample. The power-dependent PL study demonstrates that the distinctive PL emission peaks are associated with the ground-state emission of islands in different size branches. The temperature-dependent PL study shows that the PL quenching temperature for different dot families is different. Due to lacking of the couple between quantum dots, an unusual temperature dependence of the linewidth and peak energy of the dot ensemble photoluminescence has not been observed. In addition, we have tuned the emission wavelength of InAs QDs to 1.3 μm at room temperature.

Statistical-mechanical entropy arising from the electromagnetic field in the general four-dimensional static black hole spacetime is investigated by means of the "brick wall" model. An expression for the entropy is obtained and some examples are considered. The results show that the entropy arising from the electromagnetic field is exactly twice the one for a massless scalar field.

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