By appropriately choosing additional dimensions of space-time, the mass spectrum of mesons was obtained, and the calculated results agree with the experimental data.

The absorption spectrum of HD^{16} O was recorded at a resolution of 0.02 cm^{-1} with a Bruker IFS 120HR Fourier Transform Spectrometer in the region of 9600-10200 cm^{-1}. As far as we know it is the first time to record and analyze the HDO spectrum in this region which was assigned as the ν_{1}+2ν_{3} and 2ν_{2}+2ν_{3} bands. With the strong resonance interactions between these two bands considered, the spectroscopic parameters were optimized by the nonlinear least squares method.

Asymmetry parameter β_{2} for photoionization of helium leaving the He^{+} ion in the n=2 level and differential cross sections(DCSs) in the n=2,3,4 levels with photon emission angle θ=90^{0} are provided at photon energies 69-76.8 eV employing the R-matrix method with a 20-term target representation, in which five polarization orbitals \bar{6}l are included. The asymmetry parameter β_{2} and the DCS, in the n=2 level in the region of 69-73 eV, are in good agreement with available experimental and theoretical results. Above the n=3 threshold, we present new theoretical results along with measurements. No theoretical and experimental results can be used to compare with the present calculations of the DCSs for photoionization into the He^{+} ion in the n=3,4 levels.

The spectrum of the micromaser injected with Λ-type three-level atoms is studied. The spectrum has a Lorentzian lineshape and its central frequency has a shift. The effects of various parameters (for example, the atomic center-of-mass velocity, the cavity-length, the one-photon detuning, the ratio of the atomic injection rate to the cavity decay rate and the number of thermal photons) on the linewidth and the frequency shift are examined. The spectrum shows very different features in different velocity regimes, i.e., in the fast-atom regime, in the intermediate-velocity-atom regime, and in the slow-atom regime.

The Raman-enhanced polarization beats (REPB) with phase-conjugation geometry in carbon disulfide are investigated using chaotic and phase-diffusion models. The overall accuracy of using REPB to measure the resonant frequency of Raman-active vibrational mode is determined by the relaxation rates of the Raman mode and the molecular-reorientational grating. Different stochastic models of the laser field only affect the sixth- and fourth-order coherence function. The difference between the REPB and the fourth-order coherence on ultrafast modulation spectroscopy is discussed as well from a physical viewpoint.

The relationship between intensity of surface Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) and the pitch, radius and azimuthal angle of molecules on the surface of helix molecular films is analyzed. The values of pitch and radius corresponding to the maximal intensity of SHG have been shown to exist. The theoretical results are compared with the experimental ones reported by M?hlman et al., and the limitation of their conclusion is also pointed out.

Nearfield acoustical holography is a powerful tool for imaging of acoustic sources. In this article, the basic theory treating steady-state acoustic radiation with generalized holography has been discussed. By holographic imaging, the vibration characteristics of irregular objects, the Chinese ancient musical instrument, the one-tone chime stone and the two-tone chime stone provided by the Institute of Archaeology, the Museum of Hubei Province, have been researched. The results show that the ancient chime stone has two main vibration modes, which make up the base of sound produced by the instrument. As for the two-tone chime stone, it is not so long and wide as the single-tone chime stone, but thicker and smoother than the single-tone chime stone. When it is excited at different positions, although it radiates sounds of different frequencies, its vibration modes are similar. This may be related to its dimensions and shape. The research is helpful for studying the sound producing system and the radiated field characteristics of the chime stone.

PHYSICS OF GASES, PLASMAS, AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGES

The effect of dust charging and influence of its fluctuation on dust-acoustic shock waves in the sheath region of the dusty plasma is investigated. By employing the reductive perturbation technique, the Burgers' equation is derived. The weak shock wave solution is obtained and discussed in this dust-charge-fluctuation system.

CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES

Based on the cell model, the general formula for the free energy of solids is derived analytically with the lowest order anharmonic modification and correlation effect taken into account. Combining a method of summing over lattice sites, the analytic equation of state for generalized Lennard-Jones solid is derived. The calculations show that the agreement between theory and computer simulation is quite good and is significantly improved as compared with the numerical results in literature. The comparison of different effects shows the theory including all neighbors but only considering the lowest anharmonic and correlation effects may be a good and convenient approximation for practical solids. The approximation can be easily extended to the quantum case and other generalized potentials.

CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

In this paper, we study the magnetic structure of the half-ring flux line ended on the surface of a superconductor. The elemental modes for these half-ring flux lines are the half-ellipse flux lines ended on and perpendicular to the surface. The statistics of these half-ring flux lines is, in a certain degree, similar to the vortex-antivortex pairs in thin superconducting films. An abrupt change of the thermodynamic properties for this system takes place at a temperature lower than T_{c}. It is analogous to the KT transition in thin superconducting films in certain sense.

8000 CROSSDISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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