In this report we are going to show that the parametric equation of the Clifford torus used in the brief report, Phys. Rev. A41(1900), 4517, is in consistency with the parametric equation of the Dupin cyclide under the condition c = 0 used in the brief report, Phys. Rev. E47(1993), 747. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of Dupin cyclide vesicle membrane are derived in this report.

In this paper, a recurrent formula for α-row partition is given. Using this formula, we get the multiplicities of all sorts of coupling states in shell-model. It has been proved to be very efficient in simplifying the ealculations concerned.

We perform the exact TDRG transformations on the kinetic Ising model of the braced ladder whose R_{min} is 5. Within our knowledge, this is the only example that the exact TDRG transformations have been performed on a system with R_{min} >2. We show that under Achiam's linear response theory there must be important excitations of the multi-spin operators in the kinetic Ising models of the systems with R_{min} > 2, the dynamic critical behaviours of the systems are greatly affected by these excitations. Moreover, we get the conclusion that for the kinetic Ising models of the systems with R_{min}=∞ exact TDRG calculationa are impossible. The complete new and interesting results are given.

The experiment on the formation of sloshing electrons by electron cyclotron resonance heating in a magnetic mirror is described, and the physical properties of them are investigated. The results show that (1) the sloshing electron configuration is formed, and its characteristics are very different from those of the hot electron ring; (2) R_{n}, the hot electron density ratio which represents the sloshing electron configuration, decreases as the mirror magnetic field increases, and the maximum of R_{n} can reach about 2.65.

This paper describes the investigation of autoionizing states near the first ionization limit of rare-earth element Dy. The 62, 51, 97 and 25 new autoionizing states resulting from the states of 4f^{10}(^{5}I_{8})6s6p(^{3}P^{0}_{2})^{3}I^{0}_{7}, 4f^{9} (^{6}H^{0})5d^{2}(^{3}F)(^{8}G^{0})6s^{9}G^{0}_{7}, 4f^{9}(^{6}F^{0})5d6s^{2}^{7}H^{0}_{7} and 4f^{9}5d6s^{2}^{7}K^{0}_{7}, respectively, were found by using a laser resonance ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (LRI-TOFMS), The photoionization efficiencies for different channels were compared with each other. In addition, the Shore-Fano parameters of autoionizing states were determined by a nonlinear fitting program.

This paper presents the surface-enhanced hyper-Raman scattering (SEHRS) effect of basic fuchsin (BF) adsorbed on the silver colloid. On the basis of the absorption spectra, a new absorption band at 1000nm has been observed in the case of BF adsorption on the silver colloid, The result indicates that surface electromagnetic enhancement also appears at the incident photon frequency in the near-IR region, which plays an important role in the SEHRS signals. The electromagnetic enhancement factor (2.0×l0^{4}) is estimated by using electromagnetic model. Additionally, surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation (SHG) effect in the cases of pure silver colloid, silver colloid plus adsorbed molecule and KCl solution has been detected.

CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

Thermoelectric power measurements are reported for seven samples with different x in the Gd_{1.85-x}Sm_{x}Ce_{0.15}CuO_{4} system at temperatures ranging from 80K to 300K. For Sm-rich superconducting samples, thermoelectric power S has a small negative value and is almost temperature independent. As the content of Sm decreases, the absolute value of S increases and a broad valley appears in the S(T) curve. The results which can be interpreted in terms of a two-channel model support the existence of mid-gap states with Fermi level close to the minimum of the density of states as well as the coexistence of electron and hole carriers. It is suggested that a linear temperature dependence of S with a small negative slope is close to the intrinsic behavior in the a-b plane of normal states for superconducting samples.

HUANG YI-NENG, WANG YE-NING, CHEN SHA-OU, ZHOU HAI-LONG, ZHANG QING-MING, SHEN HUI-MIN, YANG ZHEN, ZHAO ZHONG-XIAN, LIU PENG, ZHANG JIN-LONG, SI WEI-DONG, CAO GUO-HUI

Chin. Phys. B 1993, 2 (12): 937 ; doi: 10.1088/1004-423X/2/12/008
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For both BiSrCaCuO and TlBaCaCuO samples, internal frictions (Q^{-1}) in the kHz range reveal a plateau (Q^{-1}_{p}) above T_{c} and a rapid drop below T_{c} with the turning points located just at T_{c} for various samples with different T_{c}. This anomaly cannot be observed in non-superconducting samples. The ultrasonic attenuation (α) in TlBaCaCuO displays similar results to the internal friction. Moreover, it is discovered that the Q^{-1}_{p} is nearly proportional to the carrier density for Y(Pr)BaCuO and Gd(Pr)BaCuO with different Pr contents. These results show that the drop of Q^{-1} and a below T_{c} is closely related to superconducting condensation. The Q^{-1}_{p} and α_{p} can be explained using coupling-model of carriers with local dynamic distortion because high T_{c} superconductors are strong-correlation systems. Furthermore, by taking account of the smearing of superconducting gap structure resulting from the recombination of quasi-particles and by modifying the BCS relative jump rate as S(E, E', Γ) = Re{1-Δ^{2}/[(E-iΓ)(E'-iΓ)]}, the calculated results of internal friction and ultrasonic attenuation below T_{c} are in good agreement with the experimental data. The superconducting gap Δ and the damping rate Γ for both BiSrCaCuO and TlBaCaCuO have also been obtained, they are in accordance with those got by tunneling spectrum and NMR methods, etc.

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