Augmented Lyapunov approach to H∞ state estimation of static neural networks with discrete and distributed time-varying delays
Generalized symmetries of an N=1 supersymmetric Boiti–Leon–Manna–Pempinelli system
Numerical solution of the imprecisely defined inverse heat conduction problem
Effects of two types of noise and switching on the asymptotic dynamics of an epidemic model
A local energy-preserving scheme for Klein–Gordon–Schrödinger equations
Exponential B-spline collocation method for numerical solution of the generalized regularized long wave equation
Ponderomotive squeezing and entanglement ina ring cavity with two vibrational mirrors
We investigate the properties of the ponderomotive squeezing and the entanglements in a ring cavity with two vibrational mirrors. In the part about squeezing, we find that the squeezing spectrum of the transmitted field shows a distinct feature when the two vibrational mirrors have different frequencies. We also study the effects of some external parameters such as the temperature and the laser power on the degree of squeezing. In the part concerning entanglement, we study the entanglements between the cavity field and one of the vibrational mirrors, and that between the two vibrational mirrors, with emphasis focusing on the robustness of entanglements with respect to the environment temperature.
Rotation of Bloch sphere induced by Lamb shift in open two-level systems
From a quite general form of the Lindblad-like master equation of open two-level systems (qubits), we study the effect of Lamb shift on the non-Markovian dynamics. We find that the Lamb shift can induce a non-uniform rotation of the Bloch sphere, but that it does not affect the non-Markovianity of the open system dynamics. We determine the optimal initial-state pairs that maximize the backflow of information for the considered master equation and find an interesting phenomenon–the sudden change of the non-Markovianity. We relate the dynamics to the evolution of the Bloch sphere to help us comprehend the obtained results.
Generating function of product of bivariate Hermite polynomialsand their applications in studying quantum optical states
Bidirectional quantum teleportation of unknown photons using path-polarization intra-particle hybrid entanglement and controlled-unitary gates via cross-Kerr nonlinearity
One-dimensional lazy quantum walks and occupancy rate
In this paper, we discuss the properties of lazy quantum walks. Our analysis shows that the lazy quantum walks have O(tn) order of the n-th moment of the corresponding probability distribution, which is the same as that for normal quantum walks. The lazy quantum walk with a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) coin operator has a similar probability distribution concentrated interval to that of the normal Hadamard quantum walk. Most importantly, we introduce the concepts of occupancy number and occupancy rate to measure the extent to which the walk has a (relatively) high probability at every position in its range. We conclude that the lazy quantum walks have a higher occupancy rate than other walks such as normal quantum walks, classical walks, and lazy classical walks.
A novel quantum information hiding protocol based on entanglement swapping of high-level Bell states
Robust quantum secure direct communication and authentication protocol against decoherence noise based on six-qubit DF state
Quantum information transmission in the quantum wireless multihop network based on Werner state
A long-distance quantum key distribution scheme based on pre-detection of optical pulse with auxiliary state
Effect of interaction and temperature on quantum phase transition in anisotropic square-octagon lattice
We investigate the effect of interaction, temperature, and anisotropic parameter on the quantum phase transitions in an anisotropic square-octagon lattice with fermions under the framework of the single band Hubbard model through using the combination of cellular dynamical mean field theory and a continuous time Monte Carlo algorithm. The competition between interaction and temperature shows that with the increase of the anisotropic parameter, the critical on-site repulsive interaction for the metal–insulator transition increases for fixed temperature. The interaction–anisotropic parameter phase diagram reveals that with the decrease of temperature, the critical anisotropic parameter for the Mott transition will increase for fixed interaction cases.
A multiple-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann method for high-speed compressible flows
This paper presents a coupling compressible model of the lattice Boltzmann method. In this model, the multiple-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann scheme is used for the evolution of density distribution functions, whereas the modified single-relaxation-time (SRT) lattice Boltzmann scheme is applied for the evolution of potential energy distribution functions. The governing equations are discretized with the third-order Monotone Upwind Schemes for scalar conservation laws finite volume scheme. The choice of relaxation coefficients is discussed simply. Through the numerical simulations, it is found that compressible flows with strong shocks can be well simulated by present model. The numerical results agree well with the reference results and are better than that of the SRT version.
Complex transient dynamics of hidden attractors in a simple4D system
A simple four-dimensional system with only one control parameter is proposed in this paper. The novel system has a line or no equilibrium for the global control parameter and exhibits complex transient transition behaviors of hyperchaotic attractors, periodic orbits, and unstable sinks. Especially, for the nonzero-valued control parameter, there exists no equilibrium in the proposed system, leading to the formation of various hidden attractors with complex transient dynamics. The research results indicate that the dynamics of the system shows weak chaotic robustness and depends greatly on the initial states.
Directional region control of the thermalfractal diffusion of a space body
Complex transitions between spike, burst or chaos synchronization states in coupled neurons with coexisting bursting patterns
Cascading failure in the wireless sensor scale-free networks
Understanding many-body physics in one dimension from the Lieb-Liniger model
This article presents an elementary introduction on various aspects of the prototypical integrable model the Lieb- Liniger Bose gas ranging from the cooperative to the collective features of many-body phenomena. In 1963, Lieb and Liniger first solved this quantum field theory many-body problem using Bethe's hypothesis, i.e., a particular form of wavefunction introduced by Bethe in solving the one-dimensional Heisenberg model in 1931. Despite the Lieb-Liniger model is arguably the simplest exactly solvable model, it exhibits rich quantum many-body physics in terms of the aspects of mathematical integrability and physical universality. Moreover, the Yang-Yang grand canonical ensemble description for the model provides us with a deep understanding of quantum statistics, thermodynamics, and quantum critical phenomena at the many-body physical level. Recently, such fundamental physics of this exactly solved model has been attracting growing interest in experiments. Since 2004, there have been more than 20 experimental papers that reported novel observations of different physical aspects of the Lieb-Liniger model in the laboratory. So far the observed results are in excellent agreement with results obtained using the analysis of this simplest exactly solved model. Those experimental observations reveal the unique beauty of integrability.
Micro-Gal level gravity measurements with cold atom interferometry
Three-dimensional spin–orbit coupled Fermi gases: Fulde–Ferrell pairing, Majorana fermions, Weyl fermions, and gapless topological superfluidity
Superfluidity of Bose–Einstein condensates in ultracold atomic gases
Liquid helium 4 had been the only bosonic superfluid available in experiments for a long time. This situation was changed in 1995, when a new superfluid was born with the realization of the Bose–Einstein condensation in ultracold atomic gases. The liquid helium 4 is strongly interacting and has no spin; there is almost no way to change its parameters, such as interaction strength and density. The new superfluid, Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC), offers various advantages over liquid helium. On the one hand, BEC is weakly interacting and has spin degrees of freedom. On the other hand, it is convenient to tune almost all the parameters of a BEC, for example, the kinetic energy by spin–orbit coupling, the density by the external potential, and the interaction by Feshbach resonance. Great efforts have been devoted to studying these new aspects, and the results have greatly enriched our understanding of superfluidity. Here we review these developments by focusing on the stability and critical velocity of various superfluids. The BEC systems considered include a uniform superfluid in free space, a superfluid with its density periodically modulated, a superfluid with artificially engineered spin–orbit coupling, and a superfluid of pure spin current. Due to the weak interaction, these BEC systems can be well described by the mean-field Gross–Pitaevskii theory and their superfluidity, in particular critical velocities, can be examined with the aid of Bogoliubov excitations. Experimental proposals to observe these new aspects of superfluidity are discussed.
High-precision spectroscopy of hydrogen molecular ions
Optical determination of the Boltzmann constant
Precision measurement with atom interferometry
Development of atom interferometry and its application in precision measurement are reviewed in this paper. The principle, features and the implementation of atom interferometers are introduced, the recent progress of precision measurement with atom interferometry, including determination of gravitational constant and fine structure constant, measurement of gravity, gravity gradient and rotation, test of weak equivalence principle, proposal of gravitational wave detection, and measurement of quadratic Zeeman shift are reviewed in detail. Determination of gravitational redshift, new definition of kilogram, and measurement of weak force with atom interferometry are also briefly introduced.
Precision spectroscopy with a single 40Ca+ ion in a Paul trap
Magnetocaloric effect study of SrFe0.8Co0.2O3 single crystal prepared under high pressure
A high-quality SrFe0.8Co0.2O3 single crystal is prepared by combining floating-zone and high-pressure treatment methods. Its Magnetocaloric effect is investigated by magnetic measurements. A paramagnetism-to-ferromagnetism transition is found at about 270 K and this transition is a second-order one in nature as confirmed by Arrott plots. The saturated moment obtained at 2 K and 7 T is 3.63 μB/f.u. The maximal value of magnetic entropy change measured at 5 T is about 4.0 J·kg-1·K-1. The full wide at half maximum for a magnetic entropy change peak observed in SrFe0.8Co0.2O3 is considerably large. As a consequence, the relative cooling power value of SrFe0.8Co0.2O3 obtained at 5 T is 331 J/kg, which is greatly higher than those observed in other perovskite oxides. The present work therefore provides a promising candidate for magnetic refrigeration near room temperature.
Two waveguide layers in lithium niobate crystal formed by swift heavy Kr ion irradiation
We report the formation of two waveguide layers in a lithium niobate crystal by irradiation with swift heavy Kr ions with high (GeV) energies and ultralow fluences. The micro-Raman spectra are measured at different depths in the irradiated layer and show that the high electronic energy loss can cause lattice damage along the ion trajectory, while the nuclear energy loss causes damage at the end of the ion track. Two waveguide layers are formed by confinement with two barriers associated with decreases in the refractive index that are caused by electronic and nuclear energy losses, respectively.
Asymmetric resistive switching processes in W:AlOx/WOy bilayer devices
Asymmetric resistive switching processes were observed in W:AlOx/WOy bilayer RRAM devices. During pulse programming measurements, the RESET speed is in the range of hundreds of microseconds under -1.1 V bias, while the SET speed is in the range of tens of nanoseconds under 1.2 V bias. Electrical measurements with different pulse conditions and different temperatures were carried out to understand these significant differences in switching time. A redox reaction model in the W:AlOx/WOy device structure is proposed to explain this switching time difference.
Piezoelectricity in K1-xNaxNbO3: First-principles calculation
Relativistic atomic data for W XLVII
Stereodynamics of the reactions: F+H2/HD/HT→FH+H/D/T
Among many kinds of ways to study the properties of atom and molecule collision, the quasi-classical trajectory (QCT) method is an effective one to investigate the molecular reaction dynamics. QCT calculations have been carried out to investigate the stereodynamics of the reactions F+H2/HD/HT→FH+H/D/T, which proceed on the lowest-lying electronic states of the FH2 system based on the potential energy surface (PES) of the 12A' FH2 ground state. Although the QCT method cannot describe all quantum effects in the process of the reaction, it has unique advantages when facing a three-atoms system or complicated polyatomic systems. Differential cross sections (DCSs) and three angle distribution functions P(θr), P(ør), P(θr, ør) on the PES at the collision of 2.74~kcal/mol have been investigated. The isotope effect becomes more obvious with the reagent molecule H2 turning into HD and HT. P(θr, ør), as the joint probability density function of both polar angles θr and ør, can reflect the properties of three-dimensional dynamic more intuitively.
Cooling and trapping polar molecules in an electrostatic trap
An electrostatic trap for polar molecules is proposed. Loading and trapping of polar molecules can be realized by applying different voltages to the two electrodes of the trap. For ND3 molecular beams centered at ～ 10 m/s, a high loading efficiency of ～ 67% can be obtained, as confirmed by our Monte Carlo simulations. The volume of our trap is as large as ～ 3.6 cm3, suitable for study of the adiabatic cooling of trapped molecules. Our simulations indicate that trapped ND3 molecules can be cooled from ～ 23.3 mK to 1.47 mK by reducing the trapping voltages on the electrodes from 50.0 kV to 1.00 kV.
Influence of obstacle on electromagnetic wave propagation in evaporation duct with experiment verification
Realizing high photovoltaic efficiency with parallel multijunction solar cells based on spectrum-splitting and -concentrating diffractive optical element Hot!
Based on the facts that multijunction solar cells can increase the efficiency and concentration can reduce the cost dramatically, a special design of parallel multijunction solar cells was presented. The design employed a diffractive optical element (DOE) to split and concentrate the sunlight. A rainbow region and a zero-order diffraction region were generated on the output plane where solar cells with corresponding band gaps were placed. An analytical expression of the light intensity distribution on the output plane of the special DOE was deduced, and the limiting photovoltaic efficiency of such parallel multijunction solar cells was obtained based on Shockley–Queisser's theory. An efficiency exceeding the Shockley–Queisser limit (33%) can be expected using multijunction solar cells consisting of separately fabricated subcells. The results provide an important alternative approach to realize high photovoltaic efficiency without the need for expensive epitaxial technology widely used in tandem solar cells, thus stimulating the research and application of high efficiency and low cost solar cells.
Phase and direction dependence of photorefraction in a low-frequency strong circular-polarized plane wave
Ghost imaging based on Pearson correlation coefficients
A novel phase-sensitive scanning near-field optical microscope
Phase is one of the most important parameters of electromagnetic waves. It is the phase distribution that determines the propagation, reflection, refraction, focusing, divergence, and coupling features of light, and further affects the intensity distribution. In recent years, the designs of surface plasmon polariton (SPP) devices have mostly been based on the phase modulation and manipulation. Here we demonstrate a phase sensitive multi-parameter heterodyne scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM) with an aperture probe in the visible range, with which the near field optical phase and amplitude distributions can be simultaneously obtained. A novel architecture combining a spatial optical path and a fiber optical path is employed for stability and flexibility. Two kinds of typical nano-photonic devices are tested with the system. With the phase-sensitive SNOM, the phase and amplitude distributions of any nano-optical field and localized field generated with any SPP nano-structures and irregular phase modulation surfaces can be investigated. The phase distribution and the interference pattern will help us to gain a better understanding of how light interacts with SPP structures and how SPP waves generate, localize, convert, and propagate on an SPP surface. This will be a significant guidance on SPP nano-structure design and optimization.
Double optomechanical transparency with direct mechanical interaction
We present a mechanism for double transparency in an optomechanical system. This mechanism is based on the coupling of a moving cavity mirror to a second mechanical oscillator. Due to the purely mechanical coupling and the radiation pressure, three pathways are established for excitations of the probe photons into the cavity photons. Destructive interference occurs at two different frequencies, leading to double transparency to the probe field. It is the coupling strength between the mechanical oscillators that determines the locations of the transparency windows. Moreover, the normal splitting appears for the generated Stokes field and the four-wave mixing process is inhibited on resonance.
Controllable optical response in hybrid opto-electromechanical systems
We theoretically investigate the analog of electromagnetically induced absorption and parametric amplification in a hybrid opto-electromechanical system consisting of an optical cavity and a microwave cavity coupled to a common mechanical resonator. When the two cavity modes are driven by two pump fields, a weak probe beam is applied to the optical cavity to monitor the optical response of the hybrid system, which can be effectively controlled by adjusting the frequency and power of the two pump fields. We find that the analog of electromagnetically induced absorption and parametric amplification can appear in the probe transmission spectrum when one cavity is pumped on its red sideband and another is pumped on its blue sideband. These phenomena can find potential applications in optical switching and signal amplification in the quantum information process.
Tunable and broadband microwave frequency combs based on a semiconductor laser with incoherent optical feedback
Based on a semiconductor laser (SL) with incoherent optical feedback, a novel all-optical scheme for generating tunable and broadband microwave frequency combs (MFCs) is proposed and investigated numerically. The results show that, under suitable operation parameters, the SL with incoherent optical feedback can be driven to operate at a regular pulsing state, and the generated MFCs have bandwidths broader than 40 GHz within a 10 dB amplitude variation. For a fixed bias current, the line spacing (or repetition frequency) of the MFCs can be easily tuned by varying the feedback delay time and the feedback strength, and the tuning range of the line spacing increases with the increase in the bias current. The linewidth of the MFCs is sensitive to the variation of the feedback delay time and the feedback strength, and a linewidth of tens of KHz can be achieved through finely adjusting the feedback delay time and the feedback strength. In addition, mappings of amplitude variation, repetition frequency, and linewidth of MFCs in the parameter space of the feedback delay time and the feedback strength are presented.
Possible generation of a γ-ray laser by electrons wiggling in a background laser
The possibility of γ-ray laser generation by the radiation of wiggling electrons in a usual background laser is discussed.
General design basis for a final optics assembly to decrease filamentary damage
The high-power laser beam in the final optics assembly of high-power laser facilities is often modulated by contamination particles, which may cause local high light intensity, thereby increasing the filamentary damage probability for optical components. To study the general design basis for a final optics assembly to decrease the risk of filamentary damage, different-sized contamination particles deposited on a component surface are simulated to modulate a 351-nm laser beam based on the optical transmission theory, and the corresponding simulation results are analyzed statistically in terms of the propagation characteristic and the light field intensity distribution of the modulated laser beam. The statistical results show that component thickness and distance between components can to some extent be optimized to reduce the appearance of local high light intensity, and the general design basis of component thickness and arrangement are given for different control levels of particle sizes. Moreover, the statistical results can also predict the laser beam quality approximately under the existing optics design and environmental cleanliness. The optimized design for final optics assembly based on environmental cleanliness level is useful to prolong the lifetime of optics and enhance the output power of high-power laser facilities.
Generation of isolated attosecond pulses in bowtie-shaped nanostructure with three-color spatially inhomogeneous fields
We theoretically investigate high-order harmonic generation in a two-color multi-cycle inhomogeneous field combined with a 27th harmonic pulse. By considering a bowtie-shaped gold nanostructure, the spatiotemporal profiles of enhanced plasmonic fields are obtained by solving the Maxwell equation using finite-domain time-difference method. Based on quantum-mechanical and classical models, the effect of 27th harmonic pulse, temporal profile of enhanced plasmonic field and inhomogeneity on supercontinuum generation are analyzed and discussed. As a result, broadband supercontinuum can be generated from our approach with optimized gap size of nanostructure. Moreover, these results are not sensitively dependent on the relative phase in the two-color field.
Temperature-tunable lasing in negative dielectric chiral nematic liquid crystal
An improved transmitting multi-layer thin-film filter
Interface-guided mode of Lamb waves in a two-dimensional phononic crystal plate
Flow aeroacoustic damping using coupled mechanical–electrical impedance in lined pipeline
Spectral enhancement of thermal radiation by laser fabricating grating structure on nickel surface
Bifurcation for the generalized Birkhoffian system
The system described by the generalized Birkhoff equations is called a generalized Birkhoffian system. In this paper, the condition under which the generalized Birkhoffian system can be a gradient system is given. The stability of equilibrium of the generalized Birkhoffian system is discussed by using the properties of the gradient system. When there is a parameter in the equations, its influences on the stability and the bifurcation problem of the system are considered.
Effect of supercritical water shell on cavitation bubble dynamics
Low-frequency oscillations in Hall thrusters
Structure and chemical valence study of Srn+1RunO3n+1 (n=1, 2, ∞) series
Influence of heavy ion irradiation on DC and gate-lag performance of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs
AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) were irradiated by 256 MeV 127I ions with a fluence up to 1× 1010 ions/cm2 at the HI-13 heavy ion accelerator of the China Institute of Atomic Energy. Both the drain current Id and the gate current Ig increased in off-state during irradiation. Post-irradiation measurement results show that the device output, transfer, and gate characteristics changed significantly. The saturation drain current, reverse gate leakage current, and the gate-lag all increased dramatically. By photo emission microscopy, electroluminescence hot spots were found in the gate area. All of the parameters were retested after one day and after one week, and no obvious annealing effect was observed under a temperature of 300 K. Further analysis demonstrates that swift heavy ions produced latent tracks along the ion trajectories through the hetero-junction. Radiation-induced defects in the latent tracks decreased the charges in the two-dimensional electron gas and reduced the carrier mobility, degrading device performance.
Characterization of CoPt nanowire fabricated by glancing angle deposition
An analytical model of thermal mechanical stress induced by through silicon via
Spin excitation spectra of spin–orbit coupled bosons in an optical lattice
Spin-wave excitation plays important roles in the investigation of the magnetic phases. In this paper, we study the spin-wave excitation spectra of two-component Bose gases with spin–orbit coupling in a deep square optical lattice using the spin-wave theory. We find that, while the excitation spectrum of the vortex crystal phase is gapless with a linear dispersion in the vicinity of the minimum point, the spectra of the commensurate spiral spin phase and the skyrmion crystal phase are gapped. Significantly, the spin fluctuations strongly destabilize the classical ground state of the skyrmion phase with the appearance of an imaginary part in the eigenfrequencies of spin excitations. Such features of the spin excitation spectra provide further insights into the exotic spin phases.
Pattern transition from nanohoneycomb to nanograss on germanium by gallium ion bombardment
Molecular dynamic simulations of surface morphology and pulsedlaser deposition growth of lithium niobate thin filmson silicon substrate
Adsorption of glycine on diamond (001): Role of bond angle ofcarbon atoms
The adsorption behaviors of glycine on diamond (001) are systematically investigated by first-principles calculations. We have considered all possible adsorption configurations without a surface dangling bond and give a quantitative analysis for the relationship between the deviation of carbon bond angle and adsorption energy. We found that a smaller distortion of carbon covalent bond angle results in a more stable adsorption structure, and the most stable adsorption has a benzene-ring-like structure with the highest adsorption energy of 5.11 eV per molecule and the minimum distortion of carbon covalent bond angle.
Structural characteristics of surface-functionalized nitrogen-doped diamond-like carbon films and effective adjustment to cell attachment
Nitrogen-doped diamond-like carbon (DLC:N) films prepared by the filtered cathodic vacuum arc technology are functionalized with various chemical molecules including dopamine (DA), 3-Aminobenzeneboronic acid (APBA), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and the impacts of surface functionalities on the surface morphologies, compositions, microstructures, and cell compatibility of the DLC:N films are systematically investigated. We demonstrate that the surface groups of DLC:N have a significant effect on the surface and structural properties of the film. The activity of PC12 cells depends on the particular type of surface functional groups of DLC:N films regardless of surface roughness and wettability. Our research offers a novel way for designing functionalized carbon films as tailorable substrates for biosensors and biomedical engineering applications.
Effect of thermal pretreatment of metal precursor on the properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 films
Zn/Sn/Cu (CZT) stacks were prepared by RF magnetron sputtering. The stacks were pretreated at different temperatures (200 ℃, 300 ℃, 350 ℃, and 400 ℃) for 0.5 h and then followed by sulfurization at 500 ℃ for 2 h. Then, the structures, morphologies, and optical properties of the as-obtained Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) films were studied by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, UV–Vis–NIR, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The XRD and Raman spectroscopy results indicated that the sample pretreated at 350 ℃ had no secondary phase and good crystallization. At the same time, SEM confirmed that it had large and dense grains. According to the UV–Vis–NIR spectrum, the sample had an absorption coefficient larger than 104 cm-1 in the visible light range and a band gap close to 1.5 eV.
Efficiency droop suppression in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by chirped multiple quantum well structure at high current injection
Gallium nitride (GaN) based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with chirped multiple quantum well (MQW) structures have been investigated experimentally and numerically in this paper. Compared to conventional LEDs with uniform quantum wells (QWs), LEDs with chirped MQW structures have better internal quantum efficiency (IQE) and carrier injection efficiency. The droop ratios of LEDs with chirped MQW structures show a remarkable improvement at 600 mA/mm2, reduced down from 28.6% (conventional uniform LEDs) to 23.7% (chirped MQWs-a) and 18.6% (chirped MQWs-b), respectively. Meanwhile, the peak IQE increases from 76.9% (uniform LEDs) to 83.7% (chirped MQWs-a) and 88.6% (chirped MQWs-b). The reservoir effect of chirped MQW structures is the significant reason as it could increase hole injection efficiency and radiative recombination. The leakage current and Auger recombination of chirped MQW structures can also be suppressed. Furthermore, the chirped MQWs-b structure with lower potential barriers can enhance the reservoir effect and obtain further improvement of the carrier injection efficiency and radiative recombination, as well as further suppressing efficiency droop.
Antiferromagnetism and Kondo screening on a honeycomb lattice Hot!
Magnetic adatoms in the honeycomb lattice have received tremendous attention due to the interplay between Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yosida interaction and Kondo coupling leading to very rich physics. Here we study the competition between the antiferromagnetism and Kondo screening of local moments by the conduction electrons on the honeycomb lattice using the determinant quantum Monte Carlo method. While changing the interband hybridization V, we systematically investigate the antiferromagnetic-order state and the Kondo singlet state transition, which is characterized by the behavior of the local moment, antiferromagnetic structure factor, and the short range spin-spin correlation. The evolution of the single particle spectrum are also calculated as a function of hybridization V, we find that the system presents a small gap in the antiferromagnetic-order region and a large gap in the Kondo singlet region in the Fermi level. We also find that the localized and itinerant electrons coupling leads to the midgap states in the conduction band in the Fermi level at very small V. Moreover, the formation of antiferromagnetic order and Kondo singlet are studied as on-site interaction U or temperature T increasing, we have derived the phase diagrams at on-site interaction U (or temperature T) and hybridization V plane.
Experimental and theoretical study on field emission properties of zinc oxide nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotubes
A novel x-ray circularly polarized ranging method
Spin transport in a Zigzag normal/ferromagnetic graphene junction
Modified method of surface plasmons in metal superlattices
Heat generation by spin-polarized current in a quantum dot connected to spin battery and ferromagnetic lead
We study theoretically the heat originated from electron–phonon coupling in a spintronic device composed of a semiconductor quantum dot attached to one spin battery and one ferromagnetic lead. It is found that the phenomenon of the negative differential of the heat current, which has previously been predicted in the charge-based device, disappears due to the Pauli exclusion principle resulted from the presence of the spin battery. Under some conditions, huge heat in the heat generation induced by resonant phonon emitting processes also disappears in this spin-based device. Furthermore, we find that the ferromagnetism of the lead can be used to effectively adjust the magnitude of the heat current in different dot level ranges. The proposed system is realizable by current technology and may be useful in designing high-efficiency spintronic components.
Si and Mg pair-doped interlayers for improving performance of AlGaN/GaN heterostructure field effect transistors grown on Si substrate
Anisotropic transport properties of charge-ordered La5/8-yPryCa3/8MnO3 (y=0.43) film
The anisotropic resistances along  and [1-10] axes are investigated for an La5/8-yPryCa3/8MnO3 (y=0.43) (LPCMO) film grown on (110)-oriented LaAlO3 substrate. It is found that the charge order (CO) transition is much stronger and the resistance is larger along the  direction than that along the [1-10] direction. Special attention has been paid to the different effects of a magnetic field on the resistances of the two axes. The resistance is more susceptible to the magnetic field along the  direction compared with that along the [1-10] direction. Our results demonstrate that the anisotropic transport properties can be ascribed to the intrinsic anisotropic strain field in the film, which changes the shape of metallic domains for the phase separation manganite film. We also provide a feasible method to rule out the Joule heat effect from the electric current effect. This could be useful for future construction and application of materials and devices.
Effects of thickness on superconducting properties and structures of Y2O3/BZO-doped MOD-YBCO films
Structural and magnetic properties of La0.7Sr0.1AgxMnO3-δ perovskite manganites
Magnetic and mechanical properties of Ni–Mn–Ga/Fe–Ga ferromagnetic shape memory composite
Room temperature ferromagnetism in un-doped amorphous HfO2 nano-helix arrays
Transparent ZnO/glass surface acoustic wave based high performance ultraviolet light sensors
Threshold switching uniformity in In2Se3 nanowire-based phase change memory
Effect of pressure on the semipolar GaN (10-11) growth mode on patterned Si substrates
High color rendering index white organic light-emitting diode using levofloxacin as blue emitter
Levofloxacin (LOFX), which is well-known as an antibiotic medicament, was shown to be useful as a 452-nm blue emitter for white organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this paper, the fabricated white OLED contains a 452-nm blue emitting layer (thickness of 30 nm) with 1 wt% LOFX doped in CBP (4,4'-bis(carbazol-9-yl)biphenyl) host and a 584-nm orange emitting layer (thickness of 10 nm) with 0.8 wt% DCJTB (4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-tert-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidin-4-yl-vinyl)-4H-pyran) doped in CBP, which are separated by a 20-nm-thick buffer layer of TPBi (2,2',2"-(benzene-1,3,5-triyl)-tri(1-phenyl-1H-benzimidazole). A high color rendering index (CRI) of 84.5 and CIE chromaticity coordinates of (0.33, 0.32), which is close to ideal white emission CIE (0.333, 0.333), are obtained at a bias voltage of 14 V. Taking into account that LOFX is less expensive and the synthesis and purification technologies of LOFX are mature, these results indicate that blue fluorescence emitting LOFX is useful for applications to white OLEDs although the maximum current efficiency and luminance are not high. The present paper is expected to become a milestone to using medical drug materials for OLEDs.
Fluorescence enhancement of radix angelica dahurica by binding to single silver sphere
Thin film micro-scaled cold cathode structures of undoped and Si-doped AlN grown on SiC substrate with low turn-on voltage
Analysis of the third harmonic for class-F power amplifiers with an I–V knee effect
Determining the influence of ferroelectric polarization on electrical characteristics in organic ferroelectric field-effect transistors
Effect of persistent high intraocular pressure on microstructure and hydraulic permeability of trabecular meshwork
As the aqueous humor leaves the eye, it first passes through the trabecular meshwork (TM). Increased flow resistance in this region causes elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP), which leads to the occurrence of glaucoma. To quantitatively evaluate the effect of high IOP on the configuration and hydraulic permeability of the TM, second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy was used to image the microstructures of the TM and adjacent tissues in control (normal) and high IOP conditions. Enucleated rabbit eyes were perfused at a pressure of 60 mmHg to achieve the high IOP. Through the anterior chamber of the eye, in situ images were obtained from different depths beneath the surface of the TM. Porosity and specific surface area of the TM in control and high IOP conditions were then calculated to estimate the effect of the high pressure on the permeability of tissue in different depths. We further photographed the histological sections of the TM and compared the in situ images. The following results were obtained in the control condition, where the region of depth was less than 55 μ with crossed branching beams and large pores in the superficial TM. The deeper meshwork is a silk-like tissue with abundant fluorescence separating the small size of pores. The total thickness of pathway tissues composed of TM and juxtacanalicular (JCT) is more than 100 μ. After putting a high pressure on the inner wall of the eye, the TM region progressively collapses and decreases to be less than 40 μ. Fibers of the TM became dense, and the porosity at 34 μ in the high IOP condition is comparable to that at 105 μ in the control condition. As a consequent result, the permeability of the superficial TM decreases rapidly from 120 μm2 to 49.6 μm2 and that of deeper TM decreases from 1.66 μm2 to 0.57 μm2. Heterogeneity reflected by descent in permeability reduces from 12.4 μ of the control condition to 3.74 μ of the high IOP condition. The persistently high IOP makes the TM region collapse from its normal state, in which the collagen fibers of the TM are arranged in regular to maintain the physiological permeability of the outflow pathway. In the scope of pathologically high IOP, the microstructure of the TM is sensitive to pressure and hydraulic permeability can be significantly affected by IOP.
Evaluation of influences of frequency and amplitude on image degradation caused by satellite vibrations
Transportation-cyber-physical-systems-oriented engine cylinder pressure estimation using high gain observer
A cellular automata model of traffic flow with variable probability of randomization
Cross-correlation matrix analysis of Chinese and American bank stocks in subprime crisis
Identifying influential nodes based on graph signal processing in complex networks
Dielectric behaviors at microwave frequencies and Mössbauer effects of chalcedony, agate, and zultanite
A pseudoenergy wave-activity relation for ageostrophic and non-hydrostatic moist atmosphere
Extra-seasonal prediction of summer 500-hPa height field in the area of cold vortices over East Asia with a dynamical-statistical method
The cold vortex is a major high impact weather system in northeast China during the warm season, its frequent activities also affect the short-term climate throughout eastern China. How to objectively and quantitatively predict the intensity trend of the cold vortex is an urgent and difficult problem for current short-term climate prediction. Based on the dynamical-statistical combining principle, the predicted results of the Beijing Climate Center's global atmosphere–ocean coupled model and rich historical data are used for dynamic-statistical extra-seasonal prediction testing and actual prediction of the summer 500-hPa geopotential height over the cold vortex activity area. The results show that this method can significantly reduce the model's prediction error over the cold vortex activity area, and improve the prediction skills. Furthermore, the results of the sensitivity test reveal that the predicted results are highly dependent on the quantity of similar factors and the number of similar years.
Orbit optimization and time delay interferometry for inclined ASTROD-GW formation with half-year precession-period Hot!
ASTROD-GW (ASTROD [astrodynamical space test of relativity using optical devices] optimized for gravitational wave detection) is a gravitational-wave mission with the aim of detecting gravitational waves from massive black holes, extreme mass ratio inspirals (EMRIs) and galactic compact binaries together with testing relativistic gravity and probing dark energy and cosmology. Mission orbits of the 3 spacecrafts forming a nearly equilateral triangular array are chosen to be near the Sun–Earth Lagrange points L3, L4, and L5. The 3 spacecrafts range interferometrically with one another with arm length about 260 million kilometers. For 260 times longer arm length, the detection sensitivity of ASTROD-GW is 260 fold better than that of eLISA/NGO in the lower frequency region by assuming the same acceleration noise. Therefore, ASTROD-GW will be a better cosmological probe. In previous papers, we have worked out the time delay interferometry (TDI) for the ecliptic formation. To resolve the reflection ambiguity about the ecliptic plane in source position determination, we have changed the basic formation into slightly inclined formation with half-year precession-period. In this paper, we optimize a set of 10-year inclined ASTROD-GW mission orbits numerically using ephemeris framework starting at June 21, 2035, including cases of inclination angle with 0° (no inclination), 0.5°, 1.0°, 1.5°, 2.0°, 2.5°, and 3.0°. We simulate the time delays of the first and second generation TDI configurations for the different inclinations, and compare/analyse the numerical results to attain the requisite sensitivity of ASTROD-GW by suppressing laser frequency noise below the secondary noises. To explicate our calculation process for different inclination cases, we take the 1.0° as an example to show the orbit optimization and TDI simulation.
Resonant behavior of stochastic oscillations of general relativistic disks driven by a memory-damped friction